## An Introduction to the Kinetic Theory of GasesThis book can be described as a student's edition of the author's Dynamical Theory of Gases. It is written, however, with the needs of the student of physics and physical chemistry in mind, and those parts of which the interest was mainly mathematical have been discarded. This does not mean that the book contains no serious mathematical discussion; the discussion in particular of the distribution law is quite detailed; but in the main the mathematics is concerned with the discussion of particular phenomena rather than with the discussion of fundamentals. |

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### Contents

Introduction page | 1 |

A Preliminary Survey | 17 |

Pressure in a Gas | 51 |

Collisions and Maxwells Law | 103 |

The Free Path in a Gas | 131 |

Viscosity | 156 |

Conduction of Heat | 185 |

Diffusion | 198 |

Calorimetry and Molecular Structure | 275 |

Maxwells proof of the Law of Distribution of Velocities | 296 |

The theorem | 297 |

The Normal Partition of Energy | 299 |

The Law of Distribution of Coordinates | 301 |

Tables for Numerical Calculations | 305 |

Integrals involving Exponentials | 306 |

307 | |

General Theory of a Gas not in a Steady State | 225 |

General Statistical Mechanics and Thermo dynamics | 253 |

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### Common terms and phrases

approximation Argon atoms average value axis boundary Boyle's law Brownian movements calculated Carbon.dioxide centre Chapman coefficient of viscosity components conduction of heat constant coordinates cules degrees of freedom denote density diatomic diffusion direction distance distribution of velocities dxdydz elastic spheres electrons entropy equal equipartition of energy evaluated expression formula gases given by equation gives helium hydrogen impact increase integral isothermals kinetic energy kinetic theory law of distribution liquid Lonius mass Maxwell's law mean free path mixture mole molecule of class momentum motion moving Nitrogen Nitrous oxide number of collisions number of molecules obtained particles partition of energy persistence of velocities Phil Phys plane pressure proportional quantities ratio relative velocity represent shewn shews space specific heats speed steady substance suppose temperature thermal tion total number tube unit area unit volume vessel Waals zero