Geological Methods for Archaeology

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Oxford University Press, Dec 18, 1997 - Science - 352 pages
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This book discusses the application of geological methods and theory to archaeology. Written as a survey text covering appropriate methods and techniques taken from geology, geophysics, geochemistry, and geochronology, it shows the student the practicality and importance of each technique's use in solving archaeological problems. Specific techniques are illustrated by practical results obtained from the authors' use on archaeological digs. With an international geographical scope, the book draws on sites from both hemispheres, including the Franchthi Cave in Greece, St. Catherines Island in the U.S., the Roman site of Drand in France, and Monte Verde, Chile. The authors also address applications in less traditional areas such as underwater, historical, industrial, and conservation archaeology.
 

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Contents

The Archeological Site and Its Environment
17
Chemical Methods
69
Radioactive Methods
85
RadiationDamage Cosmogenic and AtomCounting Methods
105
Other Chronological Methods
127
Archaeogeophysical Exploration
147
Soil Phosphate in Archaeological Surveys
181
Rocks and Minerals
193
Instrumental Analytical Techniques
212
Metallic Minerals and Archaeological Geology
230
Ceramics
248
Applications of Stable Isotopes in Archaeological Geology
271
Notes
295
Index
327
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