Mexico: An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History

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The ties that bind the United States to Mexico are varied and strong, but how well do we know our fascinating neighbor to the South? Mexicans are the largest U.S. immigrant group, and Mexico is America's favorite tourist destination.
 

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Durango –Mexico’s Own Original ‘Wild, Wild West’!
“The Land of Cinema” and the Legendary ‘Duke’by Durango Mexico in Italia Fancia
Durango Mexico is not only a state but city. Of the 31 Mexican
States, geographically speaking, it is one of the largest. It is also, a colonial city and known for it’s abundance of scorpions and a-list hollywood actors that have visited to film major motion pictures.
Lights … camera … action! Are the orders that for more than fifty years (1954-2004) have been constantly repeated in Durango, a.k.a. ‘the Land of Cinema’, for in the City and its surroundings had been filmed dozens of movies, some of which were enacted by renowned actors from Hollywood, as Clark Gable, Burt Lancaster, Audrey Hepburn, Bob Dylan, Diane Lane, Jack Nicholson, Catherine Zeta-Jones, John Leguizamo, Marlon Brando, Brad Pitt, Salma Hayek, Dany Devito, John Belushi, Michel Douglas, Kevin Costner, Anthony Quinn, Paul Newman, John Wayne, Harrison Ford, Christopher Reeve, Ringo Starr, Russell Crowe, Robert Power, Antonio Banderas, Mel Gibson, Omar Shariff, Julia Roberts, Clint Eastwood, Chuck Norris, Steve McQueen, Charles Bronson, Ernest Borgnine, Leonardo di Caprio, Alec Guiness, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and directors like George lucas, Steven Spielberg, Francis Coppola, Sergio Leone, James Cameron, John Ford, Sam Peckinpah, Dino de Laurentis, John Huston, Alfonso Arau, Robert Rodriguez, Alfonso Cuaron just to mention a few of them. Unfortunately, John Candy died there filming his last Hollywood movie, “Wagon Wheels”.
At the same time extremely important and Oscar winning movies like Ben Hur, The Magnificent Seven, Dr. Doctor Zhivago, Star Wars, Superman, Titanic, Pirates of the Caribbean, Conan, The Good the Bad and the Ugly, Resident Evil, Jesus of Nazareth, The Wild Bunch, Once Upun a Time in the West, The Caveman, Indiana Jones, Thor, Pearl Harbor, Nacho Libre, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, Close Encounters of the third Kind, Predator, The Mask of Zorro, Master and Commander, True Grit, Troy, Braveheart, and Mexican movies like Una Aventura en Durango, Patrulla 81, Like Water for Chocolate, Y tu Mama Tambien, Bestia Nocturna, El Juez de la Soga y Uno para la Horca.
The success of Durango in the celluloid is sustained by the beauty of its natural landscapes, its nearly always clear skies, its brightened environments and of course, the colonial features of its Historical Centre. These issues became evident for the first time in the scenes of the movie “La Vida de Villa” (1912), which recounted the revolutionary struggles of Francisco “Pancho” Villa. For Ben Hur, the area of Santiago Papasquiaro in Durango was where the recreation of most of the old Roman empire took place, and for Dr Zhivago, the Sierra Madre and its snowed vistas were Russia. The desserts around the state were the other worldly locations for Star Wars.
The exquisite colonial architecture of Durango, Capital of the State of the same name, is complemented by a splendid natural background, which stores some fantastic places to visit, as the mysterious zone El Silencio, a salt desert loaded with energy, which causes the compasses to go wild, the clocks to stop functioning and the radio waves get lost. NASA conduct research in this area consistently.
Another goose bumping natural spot is ‘El Espinazo del Diablo’ or ‘The Backbone of the Devil’, a road surrounded by precipices that is a privileged viewing point of the Sierra Madre Occidental (2.200 m.a.s.l.)
Durango, at 903 kilometre distance from Mexico City, was the birth place of Doroteo Arango … of who? You should very justifiably ask, but the Doroteo in question was no other than the mythical Francisco “Pancho” Villa, a.k.a. the “Centaur of the North”, one of the most emblematical leaders of the Mexican Revolution in the early 20th century.
Today, Durango is a city that is experiencing economical and industrial growth. The clothing company Carhartt U.S.A, has just built a new manufacturing facility
 

Contents

An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History A
1
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History B
37
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History C
53
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History D
133
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History E
151
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History F
173
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History G
199
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History H
213
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History O
347
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History P
367
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History Q
419
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History R
425
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History S
459
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History T
483
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History U
511
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History V
519

An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History I
223
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History J
241
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History K
249
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History L
253
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History M
273
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History N
323
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History W
537
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History Y
543
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History Z
547
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History Bibliography
563
An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Culture and History Index
569
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Don M. Coerver, PhD, is professor of history at Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX.

Suzanne B. Pasztor, PhD, is associate professor of history and international studies at the University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA, specializing in Mexican history.

Robert M. Buffington, PhD, is associate professor of history at Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH.

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