Greek Religion and Culture, the Bible, and the Ancient Near East
In the last decades there has been an increasing interest in the relationship between Greek religion & culture and the Ancient Near East. This challenging book contributes greatly to this interest by studying the Near Eastern background of important Greek myths, such as those of the creation of the world and the first woman, the Flood, the Golden Fleece, the Titans and travelling seers, but also of the births of Attis and Asclepius as well as the origins of the terms a ~paradisea (TM) and a ~magica (TM). It also shows that, in turn, Greek literature influenced Jewish stories of divine epiphanies and that the Greek scapegoat myths and rituals contributed to the central Christian notion of atonement.
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Chapter 1 Canonical and Alternative Creation Myths
Chapter 2 Pandora or the Creation of a Greek Eve
Chapter 3 The Birth of Paradise
Brothers and Fratricide in the Ancient Mediterranean
Kronos and the Titans
Chapter 6 Near Eastern and Native Traditions in Apollodorus Account of the Flood
From the Wife of Lot to Orpheus and Eurydice
Tales of Travelling Seers
Chapter 12 Persian Magoi and the Birth of the Term Magic
Chapter 13 Anaphe Apollo Aiglętęs and the Origin of Asclepius
A Greek God in Anatolian Pessinous and Catullan Rome
Chapter 15 The Myth of the Golden Fleece
A Jewish Response to a Persian Challenge?
Appendix II Magic and Religion?
Appendix III The Spelling and Meaning of the Name Megabyxos
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