Ctesias: On India
A Greek doctor serving at the court of the Persian king Artaxerxes II in the fifth century BC, Ctesias met travellers and visitors from the far eastern reaches of the Persian Empire, merchants from along the Silk Road and Indians from near the Indus Valley. His Indika (On India), was the first monograph ever written on India by a western author, introducing its readers to such fantastic creatures as the unicorn and the martichora, along with real life subjects such as the parrot and the art of falconry. Confirming pre-existing conceptions of what were considered to be the edges of the earth, Ctesias' Indika helped shape the Greek view of India. This English translation is accompanied by explanatory notes and includes all extant fragments of the Indika, as well as fragments of Ctesias' other minor works.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
According to Ctesias Achaemenid Aelian Agatharchides andnote andthe animals Artaxerxes Artaxerxes II Asclepiads asses asthe astragalos atthe Bactrian Bigwood bird Bundahishn bythe called century certainly cinnabar colour creatures Ctesias claims Ctesias of Cnidus Ctesias says cubits Cynamolgoi Cynocephaloi Darius depicted Diodorus discussion dogs elephants Ethiopia falconry fantastic FGrH fragments fromthe Greek griffins havebeen hellebore Herodotus Hippocrates horn hunt identified indicate Indus River inIndia inthe Iranian itis Jacoby Karttunen 1989 king’s krokottas Lassen 1874 vol Lenfant live Mahābhārata martichora McCrindle medicine Megasthenes mentions mountains northwest note on F45 ofCtesias ofIndia ofthe Indians onthe Parysatis passage Periodos Periplous Persian court Persian king Persika Philostratus Photius physician plausible Plin Pygmies Rāmāyana reed reference region Sanskrit Sciapodes Scylax seealso sheep socalled sources species stades stingers suchas tail thatCtesias thatthe thatthey theIndians theIndus thereis toCtesias tohave tothe treatise tree tribe Tzetzes unicorn wild withthe