Hollywood Party: How Communism Seduced the American Film Industry in the 1930s and 1940s
In the fall of 1997 some of the biggest names in show business filled the Motion Picture Academy theater in Beverly Hills forHollywood Remembers the Blacklist, a lavish production worthy of an Oscar telecast. In song, film, and live performances by stars such as Billy Crystal, Kevin Spacey, and John Lithgow, the audience relived a time some fifty years before, when, as the story has always been told, courageous writers and actors stood firm against a witch-hunt and blacklist that wrecked lives and destroyed careers. Left untold that night, and ignored in books and films for more than half a century, was a story not so politically correct but vastly more complex and dramatic.
InHollywood Partythe complete story finally emerges, backdropped by the great upheavals of our time and with all the elements of a thriller—wrenching plot twists, intrigue, betrayal, violence, corruption, misguided passion, and lost idealism. Using long neglected information from public records, the personal files of key players, and recent revelations from Soviet archives,Kenneth Lloyd Billingsleyuncovers the Communist Party's strategic plan for taking control of the movie industry during its golden age, a plan that came perilously close to success. He shows how the Party dominated the politics of the movie industry during the 1930s and 1940s, raising vast sums of money from unwitting liberals and conscripting industry luminaries into supporting Stalinist causes.
In riveting detail, the shameful truth unfolds: Communist writers, actors, and directors, wealthy beyond the dreams of most Americans, posture as proletarian wage slaves as they try to influence the content of movies. From the days of the Popular Front through the Nazi-Soviet Pact and beyond World War II, they remain faithful to a regime whose brutality rivaled that of Hitler's Nazis.
Their plans for control of the industry a shambles by the mid-1950s, the Party nonetheless succeeded in shaping the popular memory of those days. By chronicling what has been left on the cutting-room floor, from "back story" to aftermath,Hollywood Partychanges those perceptions forever.
"Mr. Billingsley's book is the best exploration I've seen of the Hollywood blacklist and the Communist Party's role in that conflict.Hollywood Partycovers it all with insight, meticulous research, and some wry perceptions."
"For years we've been treated to the left-wing version of the Hollywood blacklist. Now Lloyd Billingsley has provided us with the rest of the story."
—David Horowitz, author ofRadical Son
"Now the whole story can be told; the blacklist was never black and white after all, but can only be depicted accurately in shades of gray. From this day forward, no future backstage history of Hollywood can be called complete without taking into account the evidence that Lloyd Billingsley has uncovered."
—Gary McVey, film curator, former director of the Los Angeles International Film Festival
"Hollywood Partyis an absolutely captivating achievement."
—Richard Grenier, columnist and author ofCapturing the Culture
About the Author
Kenneth Lloyd Billingsleyis the editorial director of the Pacific Research Institute in San Francisco. He has served as California correspondent for theSpectator(London) and written for theWashington Post, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Daily News, San Francisco Chronicle,and many other publications. He currently divides his time between Sacramento, the Bay Area, and Southern California.
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