Sacred Law In The Holy City: The Khedival Challenge To The Ottomans As Seen From Jerusalem, 1829-1841

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BRILL, 2004 - Religion - 262 pages
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The Muslim community's political and socio-economic role in Jerusalem under Ottoman administration during 1830s is analyzed in this volume from a natural law perspective. A bitter political contest between Sultan Mahmud II and Muhammad Ali Pasha resulted in the military occupation of Syria and imposition of a brutal new political and legal regime which crushed the indigenous elites of southern Syria. Through a careful analysis of the archives of the Islamic law court of Jerusalem, the study offers a fresh appraisal of how the Ottoman Empire ruled Jerusalem and considers the Muslim response, elucidating the reasons for the breakdown of their relations with non-Muslim Ottoman subjects and differentiating the Ottoman understanding of law and government from that of their enemies, the Wahhabis.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Sources and Issues
9
Historiography and the Issue of the Modern Middle East
19
Jerusalem The Shar a and the Fundaments of Ottoman Provincial Government
24
The Muq a a Land Regime
30
Waqf Lands
33
The Adjustment of Provincial Land Tenure
38
The Land of Palestine in Ottoman Geography
44
The Rebellion Summer 1834
122
A Study in the Application of Law in Jerusalem under Khedival Rule
141
Demography
142
The Khedival Government and Administration of Awq f in Jerusalem
152
The Commercial Sector
164
Rural Land Tenure During the Khedival Period
167
Urban Property
179
The Muslim Community of Jerusalem and its Relations with Jews and Christians
183

The Rise of the Provincial A y n
48
Shar a and Siy sa
50
The Muslims of Jerusalem
54
The Rural Elites
61
The Ra y
64
On Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Period
65
The Invasion of Jerusalem 1831
73
The Establishment of Khedival Rule and the Reaction in Jerusalem 18321834
87
The Early Phase of Khedival Administration
92
Khedival Policies and Aims
111
Monopolies
112
Taxation
115
Conscription and Disarmament
119
Epilogue The Sultan and the Khedive
194
The Periodization of Middle Eastern History
196
The Repercussions of Conflict
197
The Ottoman Restoration in Jerusalem and the Tanzimat
199
Thoughts on the Khedival Challenge to the Ottomans
206
A Note on Transliterations of Arabic and Turkish Words
215
A Note on Weights and Measures
216
A Note on the Islamic Court Records as a Source
217
Chronology Various Tables
223
Glossary
227
Bibliography
235
Index
247
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Judith Mendelsohn Rood, Ph.D. (1993) in History, University of Chicago, M.A. (1982) in Arab Studies, Georgetown University, and B.A. (1980) in History, New College is Associate Professor of History and Chair of the Department of History, Government, and Social Science at Biola University in La Mirada, California.

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