49 pages matching energy levels in this book
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Perspective and overview
Glass structure and fabrication techniques
8 other sections not shown
achieved applications B.J. Ainslie bandwidth beam cavity cladding co-doped concentration configuration coupler cross-sections D.C. Hanna D.N. Payne decay rate device diode dispersion dopant Electron emission cross-sections energy levels equations Er3+ erbium erbium-doped fibre erbium-doped fibre amplifiers excited-state absorption fibre core fibre lasers fibre length filter fluorescence fluoride fluoride fibre fluoride glasses frequency gain medium glass hosts host glass input laser transition lasing Lett loss manifold mode mode-locking Nd3+ neodymium noise non-linear non-radiative decay operation optical amplifiers optical fibre oscillator output power peak photons polarisation population inversion power amplifier preform Proc propagation pulse pump and signal pump laser pump power pump wavelength Q-switched quantum efficiency radiative Raman rare-earth ion-doped rare-earth ions refractive index region result saturation semiconductor laser signal wavelength silica fibre slope efficiency soliton spectra spontaneous emission Stark levels techniques Telecom temperature three-level threshold transmission up-conversion upper laser level ZBLAN