Afro-Latin America, 1800-2000
While the rise and abolition of slavery and ongoing race relations are central themes of the history of the United States, the African diaspora actually had a far greater impact on Latin and Central America. More than ten times as many Africans came to Spanish and Portuguese America as the United States. In this, the first history of the African diaspora in Latin America from emancipation to the present, George Reid Andrews deftly synthesizes the history of people of African descent in every Latin American country from Mexico and the Caribbean to Argentina. He examines how African peooples and their descendants made their way from slavery to freedom and how they helped shape and responded to political, economic, and cultural changes in their societies. Individually and collectively they pursued the goals of freedom, equality, and citizenship through military service, political parties, civic organizations, labor unions, religious activity, and other avenues. Spanning two centuries, this tour de force should be read by anyone interested in Latin American history, the history of slavery, and the African diaspora, as well as the future of Latin America.
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Abakuá abolition activists African ancestry African-based Afro Afro-Argentines Afro-Brazilian Afro-Colombian Afro-Cuban Afro-Latin Americans Argentina Bahia beneﬁts black middle black population blacks and mulattoes Brazil Brazilian Buenos Aires Candomblé capoeira Caribbean Carnaval caste laws city’s Colombia colonial color conﬂict countries created Creole Cuba Cuban cultural dance deﬁned Dominican economic Ecuador elites emancipation esclavitud esclavos ethnic European export families ﬁgures ﬁnal ﬁnally forces free blacks freedom Haitian Havana IBGE immigrants independence José labor land landowners Latin American Liberal libertos masters mestizos Mexico middle class military mobilization movements negra negro nonwhites ofﬁcers ofﬁcials organizations Panama pardos parties Paulo peasants percent plantation planters political Portuguese province Puerto Rico quilombos race racial rebel rebellion region religion Republic revolution Rio de Janeiro runaway Salvador Santería Santo São Paulo signiﬁcant slave owners slave trade slavery social societies Sp.Am Spanish America sugar tion uprising urban Uruguay Venezuela West Indians workers Yoruba