Marx and the French Revolution

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University of Chicago Press, Dec 14, 1988 - History - 239 pages
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Throughout his life Karl Marx commented on the French Revolution, but never was able to realize his project of a systematic work on this immense event. This book assembles for the first time all that Marx wrote on this subject. François Furet provides an extended discussion of Marx's thinking on the revolution, and Lucien Calvié situates each of the selections, drawn from existing translations as well as previously untranslated material, in its larger historical context.

With his early critique of Hegel, Marx started moving toward his fundamental thesis: that the state is a product of civil society and that the French Revolution was the triumph of bourgeois society. Furet's interpretation follows the evolution of this idea and examines the dilemmas it created for Marx as he considered all the faces the new state assumed over the course of the Revolution: the Jacobin Terror following the constitutional monarchy, Bonaparte's dictatorship following the parliamentary republic.

The problem of reconciling his theory with the reality of the Revolution's various manifestations is one of the major difficulties Marx contended with throughout his work. The hesitation, the remorse, and the contradictions of the resulting analyses offer a glimpse of a great thinker struggling with the constraints of his own system. Marx never did elaborate a theory of an autonomous state, but he never stopped wrestling with the challenge to his doctrine posed by late eighteenth-century France, whose changing conditions and successive regimes prompted some of his most intriguing and, until now, unexplored thought.
 

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Contents

CONTENTS
20
3
66
The Philosophical Manifesto of the Historical School of Law
99
From Marxs Notes of 1845
142
Critique of the Most Recent German Philosophy as Represented by Feuerbach B Bauer and Stirner and of German Socialism as Represented by Its Va...
143
Karl Gruns Die soziaie Bewegung in Frankreich und Belgien Darmstadt 1845 or The Historiography of True Socialism
161
A Reply to Proudhons Philosophy of Poverty
164
The Communism of the Rheinische Beobachter
167
Address of the Central Committee to the Communist League March 1850
201
Minutes of the Central Committee Meeting of 15 September 1850
204
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte
206
Letter to Engels 27 July 1854
213
Letter to Engels 2 December 1856
215
Theories of the Plus Value
217
Letter to Engels 30 January 1865
220
Capital Volume 1
221

A Contribution to German Cultural Historycontra Karl Heinzen
172
Manifesto of the Communist Party
178
Speech on the Second Anniversary of the Polish Revolution of 22 February 1846
181
The Bill for the Abolition of Feudal Burdens
185
The Bourgeoisie and the Counterrevolution
189
Review of Francois Guizots Pourquoi la revolution dAngleterre atelle reussi? Discours sur Ihistoire de la revolution dAngleterre Paris 1850
193
The Class Struggles in France 18481850
195
Letter to John Malcolm Ludlow 10 April 1869
223
29 Letter to Cesar de Paepe 14 September 1870
224
The Civil War in France
226
Letter to Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis 22 February 1881
235
Index
237
Copyright

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About the author (1988)

François Furet, professor at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris, is also professor of history at the University of Chicago. English translations of his many works include Interpreting the French Revolution and, published by the University of Chicago Press, In the Workshop of History.

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