Individual Differences and Personality

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Academic Press, Mar 21, 2013 - Psychology - 416 pages

How do we come to be who we are? Why do we differ in our personalities? How do these differences matter in life? Individual Differences and Personality aims to describe how and why personality varies among people. Unlike books that focus on individual theorists, this book focuses on current research and theory on the nature of personality and related individual differences. The book begins by discussing how personality is measured, the concept of a personality trait, and the basic dimensions of personality. This leads to a discussion of the origins of personality, with descriptions of its developmental course, its biological causes, its genetic and environmental influences, and its evolutionary function. The concept of a personality disorder is then described, followed by a discussion of the influence of personality on life outcomes in relationships, work, and health. Finally, the book examines the important differences between individuals in the realms of mental abilities, of beliefs and attitudes, and of behavior.

  • Presents a scientific approach to personality and related individual differences, as well as theory and research on the fundamental questions about human psychological variation
  • New edition presents findings from dozens of new research studies of the past six years
  • Includes new chapter on vocational interests and a revised chapter on personality disorders reflecting DSM-5 formulation
  • Contains streamlined descriptions of measurement concepts and heritability research
  • Includes various boxes containing interesting asides that help to maintain the student’s attention
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts in Psychological Measurement
1
Chapter 2 Personality Traits and the Inventories that Measure Them
27
Classifying Traits
57
Chapter 4 Developmental Change and Stability of Personality
81
Chapter 5 Biological Bases of Personality
101
Chapter 6 Genetic and Environmental Influences on Personality
123
Chapter 7 The Evolutionary Function of Personality
153
Chapter 8 Personality Disorders
179
Chapter 10 Mental Ability
231
Chapter 11 Vocational Interests
285
Chapter 12 Religion and Politics
303
Chapter 13 Sexuality
329
CONCLUSIONS
351
REFERENCES
359
INDEX
381
Copyright

Chapter 9 Personality and Life Outcomes
199

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About the author (2013)

Michael C. Ashton is a professor of psychology at Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Western Ontario in 1998. As a grad student in the late 1990s, together with Kibeom Lee, he did some cross-cultural research to find out whether the “Big Five personality dimensions found in North America could be recovered in other cultures. Using their own work and that of other researchers, they found that there were actually six personality dimensions. The “new one was the H factor, or the Honesty-Humility Factor, was discovered and is now considered one of the six dimensions of human personality. In addition to the second edition of the textbook, Individual Differences and Personality, he is the author of numerous articles in scientific journals, and co-authored with Kibeom Lee The H Factor of Personality.

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