Philosophy and Memory Traces: Descartes to Connectionism
Philosophy and Memory Traces defends two theories of autobiographical memory. One is a bewildering historical view of memories as dynamic patterns in fleeting animal spirits, nervous fluids that rummaged through the pores of brain and body. The other is new connectionism, in which memories are "stored" only superpositionally, and reconstructed rather than reproduced. John Sutton juxtaposes historical and contemporary debates to show that psychology can attend to culture, complexity, self, and history.
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accept action active allow animal spirits argues association associationism body brain Cartesian causal causes central century chapter claim clear cognitive complex concept concern confusion connections context continuity critics culture depends Descartes described direct discussion distinct distributed memory distributed models dynamic early effects Essay example existence experience explain fact fluids Fodor forces functions Hartley human ideas identity images imagination impressions independent individual internal learning Locke Locke's material matter means mechanism memory traces mental mind models of memory moral motions natural nerves notes objects organs particular past patterns perception philosophy physical physiology possible present preservation problem processes psychological question rational reason reconstruction reference Reid rejection relations remembering representation responses retain seems sense separate simple soul specific storage stored structure suggests theory theory of memory things thinking thought tion traces