Visions of Annihilation: The Ustasha Regime and the Cultural Politics of Fascism, 1941-1945

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University of Pittsburgh Pre, 2013 - History - 446 pages
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The fascist Ustasha regime and its militias carried out a ruthless campaign of ethnic cleansing that killed an estimated half million Serbs, Jews, and Gypsies, and ended only with the defeat of the Axis powers in World War II.

In Visions of Annihilation, Rory Yeomans analyzes the Ustasha movement's use of culture to appeal to radical nationalist sentiments and legitimize its genocidal policies. He shows how the movement attempted to mobilize poets, novelists, filmmakers, visual artists, and intellectuals as purveyors of propaganda and visionaries of a utopian society. Meanwhile, newspapers, radio, and speeches called for the expulsion, persecution, or elimination of “alien” and “enemy” populations to purify the nation. He describes how the dual concepts of annihilation and national regeneration were disseminated to the wider population and how they were interpreted at the grassroots level.

Yeomans examines the Ustasha movement in the context of other fascist movements in Europe. He cites their similar appeals to idealistic youth, the economically disenfranchised, racial purists, social radicals, and Catholic clericalists. Yeomans further demonstrates how fascism created rituals and practices that mimicked traditional religious faiths and celebrated martyrdom.

Visions of Annihilation chronicles the foundations of the Ustasha movement, its key actors and ideologies, and reveals the unique cultural, historical, and political conditions present in interwar Croatia that led to the rise of fascism and contributed to the cataclysmic events that tore across the continent.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Chapter 1 The Generation of Struggle
29
Chapter 2 Annihilate the Old
81
Chapter 3 Merciless Warriors and Militant Heroines
126
Photo Insert
168
Chapter 4 Social Justice and the Campaign for Taste
178
Chapter 5 Between Annihilation and Regeneration
236
Chapter 6 An Unceasing Sea of Blood and Victims
295
Conclusion
345
Notes
365
Bibliography
417
Index
437
Back Cover
447
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About the author (2013)

Rory Yeomans is a senior international research analyst at the International Directorate of the UK Ministry of Justice.

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