Fins into Limbs: Evolution, Development, and Transformation
Brian K. Hall
University of Chicago Press, Sep 15, 2008 - Science - 344 pages
Long ago, fish fins evolved into the limbs of land vertebrates and tetrapods. During this transition, some elements of the fin were carried over while new features developed. Lizard limbs, bird wings, and human arms and legs are therefore all evolutionary modifications of the original tetrapod limb.
A comprehensive look at the current state of research on fin and limb evolution and development, this volume addresses a wide range of subjects—including growth, structure, maintenance, function, and regeneration. Divided into sections on evolution, development, and transformations, the book begins with a historical introduction to the study of fins and limbs and goes on to consider the evolution of limbs into wings as well as adaptations associated with specialized modes of life, such as digging and burrowing. Fins into Limbs also discusses occasions when evolution appears to have been reversed—in whales, for example, whose front limbs became flippers when they reverted to the water—as well as situations in which limbs are lost, such as in snakes.
With contributions from world-renowned researchers, Fins into Limbs will be a font for further investigations in the changing field of evolutionary developmental biology.
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Acanthostega amniotes amphibians amputation apical apoptosis appendicular appendicular skeleton aquatic articular articulation axis basal birds blastema bone elongation burrowing carpals cartilage cartilaginous cell death chick chondrocytes clavicle cleithrum conﬁgurations dermal developmental Devonian differentiation digging digit distal dorsal early ectodermal elements embryos endochondral endoskeleton Eusthenopteron evolution evolutionary expression femur ﬁbula ﬁg ﬁn ﬁn rays ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬁshes ﬂight forelimb formation fossil function genes Géraudie growth plate hindlimb humerus hypertrophic Ichthyostega identiﬁed joint lateral lepidosaurs lepidotrichia limb buds locomotion mammals manus matrix mechanisms medial mesenchyme modiﬁed molecular morphology mouse muscle ossiﬁcation osteoblasts paired ﬁns patella pattern pectoral ﬁn pectoral girdle pelvic ﬁns phalanges posterior postnatal primitive proliferation proximal pterosaurs R. L. Carroll radials reduction regeneration scapula scapulocoracoid segments sesamoids signaling signiﬁcant skeletal skeleton species speciﬁc structure studies surface taxa Tbx5 teleosts temnospondyls tendon terrestrial tetrapod limb tetrapods tibia tion tissue ulna ventral vertebrates wing zebraﬁsh