German Social Democracy and the Rise of Nazism
German Social Democracy and the Rise of Nazism explores the failure of Germany's largest political party to stave off the Nazi threat to the Weimar republic. In 1928 members of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) were elected to the chancellorship and thousands of state and municipal offices. But despite the party's apparent strengths, in 1933 Social Democracy succumbed to Nazi power without a fight. Previous scholarship has blamed this reversal of fortune on bureaucratic paralysis, but in this revisionist evaluation, Donna Harsch argues that the party's internal dynamics immobilized the SPD. Harsch looks closely at Social Democratic ideology, structure, and political culture, examining how each impinged upon the party's response to economic disaster, parliamentary crisis, and the Nazis. She considers political and organizational interplay within the SPD as well as interaction between the party, the Socialist trade unions, and the republican defense league. Conceding that lethargy and conservatism hampered the SPD, Harsch focuses on strikingly inventive ideas put forward by various Social Democrats to address the republic's crisis. She shows how the unresolved competition among these proposals blocked innovations that might have thwarted Nazism.
Originally published in 1993.
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ADGB Anpassung oder Widerstand Arbeiter Arbeiterbewegung Aufhauser Berlin bourgeois parties Breitscheid Bruning Bundesausschuss cabinet campaign Carlo Mierendorff Chakhotin coalition Communist crisis culture defense deutschen Deutschland economic election electoral executive fascism ﬁght ﬁnance ﬁrst Frankfurt Free Trade Unions functionaries Georg Decker German Social Democracy Geschichte Gewerhschaften Grzesinski Hamburg Hans Mommsen Haubach Heinrich Hilferding Hindenburg Hitler Hoegner Holtermann inﬂuence Iron Front Kautsky Keil Kurt Kurt Schumacher Lagebericht leaders leadership Leber leftists Leipart Matthias meeting Mierendorff ministers Mittelstand Muller Munich Nazi neorevisionists NSDAP oﬂicials organization Otto Braun Otto Wels Panzerkreuzer Papen parliamentary Parteiausschuss party's Paul Hertz percent political proletarian propaganda Prussian rallies regime Reich Reichsbanner Reichstag Reichstag delegation Reichswehr republican Republih Schleicher Schulze Schumacher signiﬁcance Social Demo Social Democrats Socialist Sozialdemokratie Sozialdemokratische Partei SPD's Stampfer tion toleration Trade Unions Vorstand Vorwdrts vote voters Weimar Republic Widerstand Wilhelm Winkler workers working-class
Page xi - Party) DNVP Deutschnationale Volkspartei (German National People's Party) DVP Deutsche Volkspartei ( German People's Party) KPD Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands (Communist Party of Germany) KVP Konservative Volkspartei (Conservative People's Party) NSDAP Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers...