Three New Deals: Reflections on Roosevelt's America, Mussolini's Italy, and Hitler's Germany, 1933-1939
From a world-renowned cultural historian, an original look at the hidden commonalities among Fascism, Nazism, and the New Deal
Today Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal is regarded as the democratic ideal, the positive American response to an economic crisis that propelled Germany and Italy toward Fascism. Yet in the 1930s, shocking as it may seem, these regimes were hardly considered antithetical. Now, Wolfgang Schivelbusch investigates the shared elements of these three "new deals" to offer a striking explanation for the popularity of Europe's totalitarian systems.
Returning to the Depression, Schivelbusch traces the emergence of a new type of state: bolstered by mass propaganda, led by a charismatic figure, and projecting stability and power. He uncovers stunning similarities among the three regimes: the symbolic importance of gigantic public works programs like the TVA dams and the German autobahn, which not only put people back to work but embodied the state's authority; the seductive persuasiveness of Roosevelt's fireside chats and Mussolini's radio talks; the vogue for monumental architecture stamped on Washington, as on Berlin; and the omnipresent banners enlisting citizens as loyal followers of the state.
Far from equating Roosevelt, Hitler, and Mussolini or minimizing their acute differences, Schivelbusch proposes that the populist and paternalist qualities common to their states hold the key to the puzzling allegiance once granted to Europe's most tyrannical regimes.
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - jahn - LibraryThing
A comparison of Nazism, Fascism, and Roosevelt’s New Deal. It starts out with a chapter on architecture, and it stays close to that theme, with the symbolism of this and that public project being ... Read full review
Slow to begin, but easy to read through in about 5 hours, this book will open your eyes to the parallels between the major regimes of the middle-20th century: Hitler's National Socialism, Mussolini's Fascism, and FDR's New Deal. Particularly interesting are the conclusions about the aftermaths caused by each of these regimes. Mr. Schivelbusch draws both from the ideologies expressed during those regimes, and from the historical contexts of what has happened throughout the world into the 21st century to illuminate to us the social makeup of our world today as it relates to the ideological remnants of those regimes.