A History of Politics

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J.M. Dent & Company, 1900 - Political science - 166 pages

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Page 73 - historically speaking, there is not the slightest difficulty in proving that all political communities of the modern type [that is, states] owe their existence to successful warfare.
Page 128 - ... a transition from the local justice of the AngloSaxons to the King's justice of the Tudors and Stuarts. During the AMERICAN LAW REPORTS, ANNOTATED. transition period trial by might was superseded by trial by court machinery in the form of a judge and jury. As time went on, the line of demarcation between the province of the judge and the province of the jury was being drawn. The guiding principle was later enshrined in our American Constitution.11 Ad quaestionem facti non respondent judices,...
Page 10 - The other side of the rule is equally startling. The savage may not marry within his totem, but he must marry into another totem specially fixed for him . More than this , he not only marries into the specified totem , but he marries the whole of the women of that totem in his own generation . Thus , all the men of the Snake totem are husbands of all the women of the Emu totem in the same generation; and, as a natural consequence , all the women of Snake totem are wives of all the men of Emu totem...
Page 134 - ... The Russian colonists have contented themselves with a humbler and less aggressive mode of action ; they have settled peaceably among the native population, and are rapidly becoming blended with it. In many districts the so-called Russians have perhaps more Finnish than Slavonic blood in their veins. But what has all this to do, it may be asked, with the aforementioned Vb'lkerwanderung, or migration of peoples, during the Dark Ages?
Page 113 - make it up" with the relatives of his victim, and, on his remaining obdurate , leaving the two families to fight the matter out . Yet this course , quaint as it seems to us, is quite in accord with the ideas of patriarchal justice. Not applicable to public offences . And it is also to be observed , that the system of fines did not touch public offences . These were significantly described by the Teutonic tribes as bootless wrongs , i . e . wrongs for which no hot or payment could atone. When they...
Page 154 - This is a distinction which is nearly always to be accounted for by the circumstances of history ; but its practical importance is none the less on that account. Beginning with the highly centralized States, we may notice that they correspond closely with those States which have been formed by the gradual conquest by one ruler over a group of surrounding rulers, whose independence he has desired to crush . Thus , modern France was formed by the victory of the kings at Paris in a struggle , long and...
Page 151 - Somewhere or another, in all communities of this type, there resides an authority which, in the last resort, controls absolutely and beyond appeal the actions of every individual member of the community . No doubt , as has been well pointed out, this sovereign power recognizes certain moral limitations of its action; it proceeds , in fact , at the risk of revolution . But , so far as law is concerned , it acknowledges no superior and no limit. This condition of affairs has, no doubt, its drawbacks;...
Page 157 - ... Union of 1707 converted the existing personal or dynastic union of England and Scotland into a real union ; of a somewhat closer type than SwedenNorway , for the Parliaments of the two countries were united , as well as their thrones . 2. Confederations . This, at one time a rather favourite type fo union, is now virtually discarded by civilized countries, with, perhaps, one striking exception. It occurs when two or more States join together, and delegate, either permanently or for a limited...

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