Aspect: An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and Related Problems
An introduction to the general linguistic study of aspect. Topics covered include the relation of tense and aspect, the morphology and the semantics of aspect, and structuralist and philosophical approaches. Dr Comrie draws his examples particularly from English and the Slavonic and Romance languages, but also from Arabic, Chinese, Welsh, Greek and a variety of others. This is the first study of aspect, considered as a general linguistic phenomenon. It is intended for students of individual languages as well as for students of linguistics.
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Perfective and imperfective
112 Perfectivity and other aspectual values
1211 Habitual and other aspectual values
Aspect and inherent meaning
22 Telic and atelic
512 Combined tenseaspect morphology
52 Syntactic expressions of aspectual oppositions
5212 Contingent state
5213 Direction and aspect
5221 Perfect and inferential
61 Markedness and semantics
62 Markedness and morphology
23 State and dynamic situation
31 Types of perfect
312 Experiential perfect
313 Perfect of persistent situation
32 Perfect and other aspects
33 Prospective aspect
Aspect and tense
42 Aspectual distinctions restricted to certain tenses
43 Narrative present
44 Combined tenseaspect oppositions
45 Aspect and time reference in tenseless languages
46 Aspect and voice
Formal expression of aspectual oppositions
511 Prefixing in BaltoSlavonic Georgian and Hungarian
65 Markedness and context
66 Degrees of markedness
A2 Aspectual systems of individual languages
A25 Chinese Mandarin
Recent approaches to aspect
B2 Feature analysis
B3 Modeltheoretic semantics
Other editions - View all
adverb aktionsart Ancient Greek Aorist Arabic aspect and tense aspectual distinction aspectual oppositions aspectual system aspectual values atelic auxiliary Bill Bulgarian Celtic languages characterisation combination construction cough difference discussion dynamic situation English Progressive examples experiential perfect fective formal French Future Tense Georgian grammatical grammaticalised habitual meaning Igbo Imperfective Aorist Imperfective Present indicate individual languages Indo-European Indo-European languages Inferential instance Ipfv John is singing lexical linguistics literally markedness Modern Greek morphological narrative Present non-Progressive nonfinite nonstative verbs Old Church Slavonic Past Definite Past Participle past situation Past Tense past time reference Perfective and Imperfective Perfective Aspect perfective forms Perfective Future Perfective Imperfect perfective meaning Perfective non-Past Perfective/Imperfective periphrastic possible prefix Present Tense progressive forms progressive meaning relation relative past restricted Russian Scots Gaelic semantic semantic distinctions sentence Simple Past simple verb Slavonic languages Spanish specifically stative verbs stem subversive organisation suffix telic situation temporal term versus Yoruba
Page 4 - Another way of explaining the difference between perfective and imperfective meaning is to say that the perfective looks at the situation from outside, without necessarily distinguishing any of the internal structure of the situation, whereas the imperfective looks at the situation from inside, and as such is crucially concerned with the internal structure of the situation...
Page 3 - The second verb presents the totality of the situation referred to (here, my entry) without reference to its internal temporal constituency: the whole of the situation is presented as a single unanalysable whole, with beginning, middle, and end rolled into one...
Page 5 - Aspect is not concerned with relating the time of the situation to any other time-point, but rather with the internal temporal constituency of the one situation; one could state the difference as one between situation-internal time (aspect) and situation-external time (tense).
Page 12 - perfective ' contrasts with ' impcrfective ', and denotes a situation viewed in its entirety, without regard to internal temporal constituency; the term 'perfect' refers to a past situation which has present relevance, for instance the present result of a past event (his arm has been broken).