Fish and Fisheries at Higher Altitudes: Asia
Food & Agriculture Org., 1999 - Fish-culture - 304 pages
The thirteen papers presented in this publication review fish stocks and fisheries of mountainous areas of Asia: Himalayas (Bhutan, Nepal, northern states of India within the Himalayas), Western Ghats (India), Karakoram-Hindu Kush (Pakistan, Afghanistan), Pamir (Tajikistan), Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan), Altai (Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China), high altitude lakes of Mongolia and those of western China (provinces of Qinghai and Xinjiang [Uighur Autonomous Region] and Xizang [Tibet Autonomous Region]) and Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan). From south to north, fish fauna complexes change from Oriental to Palaearctic. Cool and coldwater streams and rivers support subsistence and/or recreational/sport fisheries, with commercial fisheries practised only in some lakes and reservoirs. While fishing of streams and rivers is largely unmanaged, considerable management effort has gone into some lakes and reservoirs, especially in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and India in order to maintain reasonably high fish catches. The management measures have included translocation and stocking of exotic fish species and regulation of fisheries. For recreational fishery, brown trout has been stocked in rivers and streams of the southern slopes of Himalayas, rainbow trout in some streams of Western Ghats ... etc.
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Altai altitude Amur Amur pike annual aquaculture aquatic Arctic average basin brown trout catches catchment changes China cold coldwater fish common carp cover culture decline depth dominated drainage eggs established Family farms fauna fecundity feed females fingerlings fish species fish stocks fishery grayling growth hatchery hills Himachal Pradesh Himalayas important increase India indigenous Indus introduced Irtysh Issyk-kul Kabul Kashmir Lake length lenok mahseer major mature maximum migration million Mongolia mountain natural Nepal northern Nuur osman Pakistan period present production Qinghai rainbow trout ranges reaches region released Report represented reservoirs result River Russian saline schizothoracines Schizothorax Sehgal Selenga Sevan trout situated spawning sport starts streams summer Table tributaries upper Valley water bodies water level water temperature weight Western Ghats whitefish winter yield zone