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action advance Alhazen altogether animal appear Arabian Arabic asserted astronomical authority Averroes became become bishops bodies Boniface brought carbonic acid cause century cerebrum Christendom Christian Church clergy condition connexion considered Constantinople council countries Crusades determined direction discovery doctrine earth ecclesiastical emperor England Europe European excommunicated existence facts faith force forms France Galileo ganglia Greek heat heaven heresy heretic Holy human ideas illustrated individual influence intellectual invention Italian Italy Jews khalif King learned light living manner mechanical ment Mohammedan moral motion movement nations nature nervous never observed opinion organic papacy papal passed Philip the Fair philosophical physical physician planet political pontiff pope present principle progress reason Reformation relations religious respecting result Rome Saracens scientific social solar system Spain stars succession temperature theory things thousand tion transubstantiation true truth universe University of Paris
Page 271 - Every body continues in its state of rest, or of uniform motion in a right line, unless it is compelled to change that state by forces impressed upon it.
Page 121 - VIII. complains by papal bull " that numbers of both sexes do not avoid to have intercourse with the infernal fiends, and that by their sorceries they afflict both man and beast. They blight the marriage bed, destroy the births of women and the increase of cattle; they blast the corn on the ground, the grapes in the vineyard, the fruits of the trees, and the grass and herbs of the field.
Page 40 - Jews; the Mohammedan maxim being that the real learning of a man is of more public importance than any particular religious opinions he may entertain.
Page 59 - Grostale, the Bishop of Lincoln and friend of Roger Bacon, caused to be ascertained the amount received by foreign ecclesiastics in England. He found it to be thrice the income of the king himself. This was on the occasion of Innocent IV. demanding provision to be made for three hundred additional Italian clergy by the Church of England; and that one of his nephews — a mere boy — should have a stall in Lincoln Cathedral.
Page 260 - In the system of Copernicus there are many and grave difficulties: for the threefold motion with which he encumbers the earth is a serious inconvenience ; and the separation of the sun from the planets, with which he has so many affections in common, is likewise a harsh step : and the introduction of so many immovable bodies into nature, as when he makes the sun and the stars immovable, the bodies which are peculiarly lucid and radiant ; and his making the moon...
Page 278 - The ponderous instrument of synthesis, so effective in his hands, has never since been grasped by one who could use it for such purposes ; and we gaze at it with admiring curiosity, as on some gigantic implement of war, which stands idle among the memorials of ancient days, and makes us wonder what manner of man he was who could wield as a weapon what we can hardly lift as a burden.
Page 40 - They established libraries in all their chief towns; it is said that not fewer than seventy were in existence. To every mosque was attached a public school, in which the children of the poor were taught to read and write, and instructed in the precepts of the Koran.
Page 244 - He cast up the farrier's bills. He walked ten miles with a message or a parcel. He was permitted to dine with the family; but he was expected to content himself with the plainest fare. He might fill himself with the corned beef and the carrots: but, as soon as the tarts and cheesecakes made their appearance, he quitted his seat, and stood aloof till he was summoned to return thanks for the repast, from a great part of which he had been excluded.
Page 261 - Copernicus. . . . The more closely we examine the writings of Lord Bacon, the more unworthy does he seem to have been of the great reputation which has been awarded to him. The popular delusion to which he owes so much originated at a time when the history of science was unknown.