Neurological Disorders: Public Health Challenges
There is ample evidence that pinpoints neurological disorders as one of the greatest threats to public health. There are several gaps in understanding the many issues related to neurological disorders, but we already know enough about their nature and treatment to be able to shape effective policy responses to some of the most prevalent among them. Neurological disorders: public health challenges, describes and discusses the increasing global public health importance of common neurological disorders such as dementia, epilepsy, headache disorders, multiple sclerosis, neuroinfections, neurological disorders associated with malnutrition, pain associated with neurological disorders, Parkinson s disease, stroke and traumatic brain injuries. The book provides the public health perspective for these disorders and presents fresh and updated estimates and predictions of the global burden borne by them. It provides information and advice on public health interventions that may be applied to reduce the occurrence and consequences of neurological disorders. It offers health professionals and planners the opportunity to assess the burden caused by these disorders in their country and to take appropriate action. A clear message emerges that unless immediate action is taken globally, the neurological burden is likely to become an increasingly serious and unmanageable problem in all countries."
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2030 Population acute Alzheimer Alzheimer’s disease assessment associated beneﬁts burden of disease caregivers cause Cerebrovascular disease classiﬁcation clinical cost deaths deﬁned deﬁnition dementia developing countries diagnosis difﬁcult disability drugs effective Epidemiology epilepsy estimated ﬁrst ﬁve Geneva global burden head injury headache disorders health systems health-care HIGH ADULT MORTALITY HIGH CHILD incidence increase infection International interventions iodine deﬁciency ischaemic ischaemic stroke Japanese encephalitis Lancet long-term LOW ADULT MORTALITY LOW CHILD low income countries malnutrition Meningitis middle income Migraine Multiple sclerosis Neuroinfections neurological disorders Neurological injuries neuropathic pain neuropathies Nutritional and neuropathies Parkinson’s disease patients Poliomyelitis prevalence prevention primary problem programmes public health reduce regions rehabilitation risk factors scientiﬁc seizures sequelae signiﬁcant social speciﬁc stigma strategies stroke studies symptoms syndrome tension-type headache Tetanus therapy TOTAL DALYs traumatic brain injury treatment tuberculosis vitamin World Health Organization worldwide YLDs
Page 127 - An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage'.
Page 184 - Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Page 28 - One DALY can be thought of as one lost year of 'healthy' life and the burden of disease as a measurement of the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives into old age free of disease and disability".
Page 53 - Head trauma as a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease: a collaborative re-analysis of case-control studies. EURODEM Risk Factors Research Group.
Page 185 - Kyrgyz Republic Lao PDR Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Moldova Mongolia Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Pakistan...
Page 53 - DE (1997). Atherosclerosis, apolipoprotein E, and prevalence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in the Rotterdam Study. Lancet, 349, 151-154.
Page 90 - MS. lt defines rehabilitation as an active process by which those impaired by injury or disease achieve a full recovery or, if a full recovery is not possible, realize their optimal physical, mental, and social potential and are integrated into their most appropriate environment.
Page 72 - Headache or facial pain associated with disorder of cranium, neck, eyes, ears, nose, sinuses, teeth, mouth, or other facial or cranial structures...