An Analysis of Skill Requirements for Operators of Amphibious Air Cushion Vehicles (ACVs)

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Human Resources Research Organization, 1969 - Ground-effect machines - 50 pages
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The report describes the skills required in the operation of an amphibious Air Cushion Vehicle (ACV) in Army tactical and logistic missions. The research involved an analysis of the ACV characteristics, operating requirements, and environment, and results of a simulation experiment. The analysis indicates that ACV operation is complicated by (a) an inherently slow vehicle response in certain control dimensions, (b) a need for complex control coordinations in performing certain necessary maneuvers, and (c) the ACV's sensitivity to various aspects of the natural and man-made environment. The ACV also poses unique requirements for navigation, maintenance, and collision avoidance. The simulator study showed that ACVs vary considerably in operability as a function of their control configuration and pointed to the need for further attention to the control problem in developing ACV use overland. A training program of from one to three months' duration appears necessary to qualify an operator fully.

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