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32d parallel abandoned abundance agricultural Apaches argentiferous Arivaca Arizpe Assay Cananea capital capitalists cent Chihuahua Chipiona Cieneguita contains creek cultivated depth desert distance district dollars east enterprise extensive feet Fort Buchanan Fort Yuma furnaces Gadsden Gadsden Purchase galena gambussinos Gila River gold grazing Guaymas Gulf of California hacienda Heintzelman hills hundred Indians irrigation Jesus Maria known La Colorada labor latitude lead ment mesquit metal Mexican Mexico miles Mimbres mineral wealth mountains Mowry Silver Mines Northern Mexico ounces Overland Mail owners Pacific Pimos placers plain population porphyry portion possession pounds present quartz railroad ranches reduction region rich road rock route San Francisco San Pedro San Xavier Santa Cruz Santa Rita shafts Sierra Madre Sinaloa situated smelting Sonora Sopori Spanish springs stream sulphurets Territory of Arizona tetrahedrite tion town Tubac Tucson twenty United valley varas vein yield Yuma
Page 71 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted...
Page 25 - ... Cruz, is the old mission church of San Xavier, to which I have alluded elsewhere. It is still surrounded by a Papago Indian village, a few tame Apaches, and a few whites also live under the shadow of its towers. Incredible as the statement may seem, the church of San Xavier, with its elaborate facade, its dome and spires, would to-day be an ornament to the architecture of this great metropolis.
Page 187 - Cabeza de Vaca, Marco de Niza and Coronado, led their adventurers through it in search of the famed cities of Cibola, north of the Gila; and before the year 1600, its richness having been made known, it was soon after occupied as missionary ground. Remains of several of these missions still exist. The mission church of San Xavier del Bac, erected during the last century, is the finest edifice of the kind in Arizona.
Page 75 - The size of these small veins varies from 10 to 19 inches. Other veins, whose outcroppings are visible on the top of the hill, and which run in a parallel direction at a great distance, will, according to all probabilities, be met with as the working of the mine proceeds.
Page 16 - ... square miles. By geographical divisions, it is bounded on the north by the State of Colorado, on the east by the public domain and the State of Texas, on the south by the State of Texas and the Mexican States of Chihuahua and Sonora, and on the west by the Territory of Arizona.
Page 75 - The galena of the principal vein contains a small quantity of copper and arsenic. It seemed to me that I detected appearances of zinc, but I had no means to ascertain the fact. An assay of the different ores has given results varying from $80 to $706 in silver per ton, and up to sixty-two per cent of lead.
Page 24 - A fine growth of ash covers the valley. The Santa Rita mountains, which separate the San Pedro and Santa Cruz, contain inexhaustible supplies of pine and oak, besides untold millions of the precious metals. A military post of four companies at the mouth of the Arivypa would open this entire country to settlement.
Page 74 - By this route freight from San Francisco to the mine does not go beyond five cents per pound. The mine is situated on the last hills forming the eastern slope of the Sierra de Santa Cruz, and is bounded on the northeast by extensive plains covered by the mesquit and oak trees, which reach the line of Sonora, whose elevated mountains rise in the horizon. Between these plains and the mine is to be seen the Sierra Espuela, called also Wachuka mountains.