Love Canal revisited : race, class, and gender in environmental activism
Thirty years after the headlines, Love Canal remains synonymous with toxic waste. When this neighborhood of Niagara Falls, New York, burst upon the nation's consciousness, the media focused on a working-class white woman named Lois Gibbs, who gained prominence as an activist fighting to save families from the poison buried beneath their homes. Her organization, the Love Canal Homeowners Association, challenged big government and big business--and ultimately won relocation. But as Elizabeth Blum now shows, the activists at Love Canal were a very diverse lot. Blum reveals that more lurks beneath the surface of this story than most people realize--and more than mere toxins. She takes readers behind the headlines to show that others besides Gibbs played important roles and to examine how race, class, and gender influenced the way people--from African American women to middle class white Christian groups--experienced the crisis and became active at Love Canal. Blum explores the often-rocky interracial relationships of the community, revealing how marginalized black women fought to be heard as they defined their environmental activism as an ongoing part of the civil rights struggle. And she examines how the middle-class Ecumenical Task Force--consisting of progressive, educated whites--helped to negotiate legal obstacles and to secure the means to relocate and compensate black residents. Blum also demonstrates how the crisis challenged gender lines far beyond casting mothers in activist roles. Women of the LCHA may have rejected feminism because of its anti-family stance, but they staunchly believed in their rights. And the incident changed the lives of working-class men, who found theirwives in the front lines rather than in the kitchen. In addition, male bureaucrats and politicians ran into significant opposition from groups of both men and women who pressed for greater emphasis on health rather than economics for solutions to the crisis. No previous account of Love Canal has considered the plight of these other segments of the population. By doing so, Blum shows that environmental activism opens a window on broader social movements and ideas, such as civil rights and feminism. Her book moves the story of Love Canal well beyond its iconic legacy--the Superfund Act that makes polluters accountable--to highlight another vital legacy, one firmly rooted in race, class, and gender.
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Gender at Love Canal
Race at Love Canal
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activists Addams addition African American agency August black women Bob Dearing Brewster Buffalo Courier Buffalo Courier-Express Buffalo State College Cerrillo civil rights movement cleanup concerns crisis dioxin economic Ecumenical Task Force environmental activism environmental movement ETF Collection ETF members ETF's families gender roles Gibbs interview Gibbs's goals Grand Island Grenzy Griffon Manor residents Harry Gibbs hazardous waste Heisner home owners Hooker Chemical housing Ibid interview by author involved issues LCARA LCHA Levine living Lois Gibbs Love Canal Love Canal area Love Canal residents Luella Kenny Margeen Hoffmann maternalism middle-class mothers move NAACP NACW Records Niagara Gazette Niagara River noted nuclear O'Laughlin October officials picketing political pollution Pozniak Press problems Protest Quimby race racial racism relocation renters resident representatives revitalization rhetoric Roger Cook smoke tactics telephone interview tion transcript of telephone union women's movement workers working-class women York