Religion and the Specter of the West: Sikhism, India, Postcoloniality, and the Politics of Translation

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Columbia University Press, Oct 23, 2009 - Religion - 536 pages

Arguing that intellectual movements, such as deconstruction, postsecular theory, and political theology, have different implications for cultures and societies that live with the debilitating effects of past imperialisms, Arvind Mandair unsettles the politics of knowledge construction in which the category of "religion" continues to be central. Through a case study of Sikhism, he launches an extended critique of religion as a cultural universal. At the same time, he presents a portrait of how certain aspects of Sikh tradition were reinvented as "religion" during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

India's imperial elite subtly recast Sikh tradition as a sui generis religion, which robbed its teachings of their political force. In turn, Sikhs began to define themselves as a "nation" and a "world religion" that was separate from, but parallel to, the rise of the Indian state and global Hinduism. Rather than investigate these processes in isolation from Europe, Mandair shifts the focus closer to the political history of ideas, thereby recovering part of Europe's repressed colonial memory.

Mandair rethinks the intersection of religion and the secular in discourses such as history of religions, postcolonial theory, and recent continental philosophy. Though seemingly unconnected, these discourses are shown to be linked to a philosophy of "generalized translation" that emerged as a key conceptual matrix in the colonial encounter between India and the West. In this riveting study, Mandair demonstrates how this philosophy of translation continues to influence the repetitions of religion and identity politics in the lives of South Asians, and the way the academy, state, and media have analyzed such phenomena.

 

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Contents

Religion Language and Subjectivity
45
English
96
Hegel and the Comparative Imaginary of the West
106
Nationalism and the Intellectual Rekindling of Christianity
113
and the Religious Reform Movements
165
Sikhism and the Politics of ReligionMaking
175
Violence Mysticism and the Capture of Subjectivity
240
Ideologies of Sacred Sound
313
Decolonizing Postsecular Theory
379
Epilogue
433
Glossary of Indic Terms
485
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

Arvind-Pal S. Mandair teaches at the University of Michigan. He is a founding coeditor of the journal Sikh Formations: Religion, Culture, and Theory.

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