Approaches to the Typology of Word Classes
Petra Maria Vogel, Bernard Comrie
Mouton de Gruyter, 2000 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 514 pages
The history of word class research is characterized by two extreme positions. Up to the 19th century, it was believed that word classes were invariably of the Latin or Greek type and universal. In contrast to that, in the 20th century, the view prevailed that every language had its own specific and unique word class system. In the last decades, however, it has become apparent that despite the large number of word classes and word class systems there are typological restrictions with regard to the conceptualization of semantic features and morphosyntactic structures. the perspective of typology and language universals research. The authors in this volume discuss word class categorization in general (Part I), as well as word classes and word class systems of individual languages (Part II) from a typological-universal viewpoint and from diachronic and cross-linguistic perspectives.
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Word classes and sentential functions
Parts of speech as language universals and as languageparticular categories
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adjectival adpositions adverbs Amsterdam analysis art.sp basic Cahuilla Cambridge Cayuga characteristics classifier languages clause combinations concepts construction context Croft cross-linguistic defined definition denote derived distinct distributional English entities example exemplars fact father feature Figure German grammar grammaticalisation guages Gunwinyguan languages Hengeveld 1992 Hmong Njua idiolect systems Ilgar inflection Iroquoian languages Iwaidja kin terms kinship verbs Lango lexemes lexical categories lexical items lexical meaning lexical words Linguistic Typology Linguistics Mandarin Chinese marked markedness markers morphological morphosyntactic Mouton nominal nominalised notion noun class noun-verb nouns and verbs object occur paradigm part-of-speech systems particles particular person phrase plural position predicate predicate function prefixes preposition preverbials pronouns property words propositus prototypical recycled reference referential root Sasse semantic category sentence set nouns speaker specific speech structure substantival suffix syntactic categories syntax tense theory thing tion tive Tongan types typology University Press unmarked verbal word class