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Optical Network Enabling Technologies
MC4 Simple Dynamic Model and Experiments on Laser GainClamped EDFA
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achieved active actuators addition alignment allows applications approach architecture array backplane beam channel characteristics chip circuit CMOS communication components Computer connected coupling demonstrated detector developed device drive effect efficiency electrical electronic elements etching fabricated fiber field Figure frequency function IEEE implemented increase input integrated laser layer length Lett light limited loss materials measured mechanical MEMS micro micromachined mirror mode modulation obtained operation optical interconnects optoelectronic output packaging parallel performance phase photonic polarization polymer position present range receiver reduced References reflectivity Research response routing sensor shown in Fig shows signal silicon single smart pixel speed spring stage step structure substrate surface switch techniques temperature thickness transmitter University VCSEL vertical VLSI voltage waveguide wavelength