Fairy Tales: A New History
Where did Cinderella come from? Puss in Boots? Rapunzel? The origins of fairy tales are looked at in a new way in these highly engaging pages. Conventional wisdom holds that fairy tales originated in the oral traditions of peasants and were recorded for posterity by the Brothers Grimm during the nineteenth century. Ruth B. Bottigheimer overturns this view in a lively account of the origins of these well-loved stories. Charles Perrault created Cinderella and her fairy godmother, but no countrywoman whispered this tale into Perrault’s ear. Instead, his Cinderella appeared only after he had edited it from the book of often amoral tales published by Giambattista Basile in Naples. Distinguishing fairy tales from folktales and showing the influence of the medieval romance on them, Bottigheimer documents how fairy tales originated as urban writing for urban readers and listeners. Working backward from the Grimms to the earliest known sixteenth-century fairy tales of the Italian Renaissance, Bottigheimer argues for a book-based history of fairy tales. The first new approach to fairy tale history in decades, this book answers questions about where fairy tales came from and how they spread, illuminating a narrative process long veiled by surmise and assumption.
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ancient Basile trans Basile’s Boccaccio’s Bottigheimer brothers Canepa Cassel Charles Perrault Children’s Cinderella Contes Costantino d’Aulnoy’s daughter Donkeyskin Dortchen early modern Edition European fairy existed fairies and fairyland Fairy Tale Origins fairy tale plots fairy-stories folk tales Folktales frame tale Frau French fairy German Germany’s Giambattista Basile Giovan Francesco Straparola girls Hassenpflug hero heroine history of fairy Ibid Italian Jack Zipes Jacob and Wilhelm king king’s Lionbruno literary lived magic Märchen married medieval Mlle Lhéritier Mme d’Aulnoy motifs Naples narrative Neapolitan nursemaid Nursery and Household Old Marie oral transmission parola’s peasant Pentamerone people’s Peruonto Petrosinella Pleasant Nights poor prince princess publishing history Puss in Boots readers Renaissance restoration fairy tale rise fairy tale rise fairy tales royal Schenda scholars seventeenth-century sisters Six Swans Sleeping Beauty social sources stories storytelling Stra Straparola’s tale collection Talia telling theory tion tradition urban Venice Viehmann Volume Wilhelm Grimm