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The Structure of the Atom
Aggregates of Atoms
6 other sections not shown
alloy aluminum amount atoms austenite body-centered cubic Bruce Chalmers Burgers vector carbon cause cementite close-packed component composition concentration cooling copper corresponds corrosion crack creep crystal boundary crystal structure cubic structure decrease dendritic depends diffusion direction discussed dislocation effect elastic electrons equilibrium eutectic example face-centered cubic ferrite force formation fracture free energy freezing grain boundaries growth hardening increase interface interstitial iron latent heat lattice layer liquid lower magnetic martensite material matrix melting point modulus mold move nickel normal nucleation number of atoms occur orientation oxide particles pearlite perature phase diagram plastic deformation positions precipitation properties quench radius recrystallization region relationship result screw dislocation shape shear stress shown in Fig single crystal slip plane solid solution solute atoms specimen steel strain stress-strain curve supercooling surface takes place temperature tensile tension thermal tion titanium transformation ture twin vacancies yield stress zinc zone