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Columbia University Press, 1911 - Power (Mechanics) - 316 pages
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Page 317 - Price, 1.50 net. THE PRINCIPLES OF POLITICS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF THE AMERICAN CITIZEN. By JEREMIAH W. JENKS, LL.D., Professor of Political Economy and Politics in Cornell University. 12mo, cloth, pp. xviii + 187. Price, $1.50 net.
Page 298 - If you keep an exact record of what each fellow does, surround the men with conditions under which they can work at high efficiency and compensate the efficient one liberally, no man will spend his spare time trying to find out how to raise the wages of the other fellow. Workmen as a rule will do more...
Page 296 - Men join the union because they think they will be better off in the long run for being in the union. The idea of the union is to get a higher rate of wages for the whole class, because in general nobody in that class can get a substantially higher rate unless the whole class gets a higher rate.
Page 290 - It is easy to understand how the massing together in factories of regiments of men all engaged in the same trade, facilitated and promoted the formation of journeymen's trade societies. But with the cotton-spinners, as with the tailors, the rise of permanent trade combinations is to be ascribed, in a final analysis, to the definite separation between the functions of the capitalist entrepreneur and the manual worker, between, that is to say, the direction of industrial operations and their execution.
Page 289 - It is often assumed that the divorce of the manual worker from the ownership of the means of production resulted from the introduction of machinery and the factory system. Had this been the case we should not, upon our hypothesis, have expected to find Trade Unions at an earlier date than factories, or in industries untransformed by machinery. The fact that the earliest...
Page 290 - Westminster, to the number of seven thousand and upwards, have lately entered into a combination to raise their wages and leave off working an hour sooner than they used to do...
Page 318 - Columbia University in the City of New York The Press was incorporated June 8, 1893, to promote the publication of the results of original research. It is a private corporation, related directly to Columbia University by the provisions that its Trustees shall be officers of the University and that the President of Columbia University shall be President of the Press.
Page 296 - In~6"ther words, we must provide him with means of advancing his interest that is superior to what the union offers. If any such scheme is to be permanently successful, it must be beneficial to the employer also. Under ordinary conditions where there is no union, the class wage is practically gauged by the wages the poor workman will accept, and...
Page v - The effect of power machinery is soon told and readily understood ; but it is not so easy, though far more important, to show how the men who are responsible for what has been done have thought and worked, and with what kind of things and with what reasoning those men must deal who are to take up the responsibility for future progress. The bulk of the subject-matter, accordingly, is concerned with the apparatus and machinery for the converting of natural energy in any of its available forms into...
Page 296 - As long as the interests of the employer and employee seem antagonistic there will be conflict . . . Until we can find some means of doing away with antagonism, the conflict will continue Our search, then, must...

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