Handbook of Music: Containing Biographical Notices of about 1700 Prominent Composers and Over 3000 Musical Terms

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Arthur P. Schmidt, 1895 - Music - 246 pages
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Page 154 - Organ : plagal cadence. The cadence formed when a subdominant chord immediately precedes the final tonic chord...
Page 41 - On a keyboard instrument it is played on the white or natural keys without fiats or sharps. natural modes natural modes The authentic church modes; called natural because formed of the seven natural notes of the scale and their octaves. See also church modes. natural modulation A modulation made_ easily and directly, as from any given key to another closely related, natural pitch The natural, fundamental tones produced by the flute, clarinet, or other •wind instruments; those tones produced without...
Page 73 - ... or other accompaniments of the subject. An important division of fugues remains yet to be noticed — • namely, that into real and tonal fugues. A real fugue is one in which the answer is an exact transposition of the subject; a. tonal fugue is one in which the answer is an imitation of the subject slightly modified for the purpose of keeping within the same key. Two words often heard in connection with fugues may be here explained. Coda, or codetta, is the name given to the notes which are...
Page 63 - In our present system of music with its twelve equal semitones in the octave, those notes, intervals, and scales are called enharmonic which differ in notation but not in pitch.
Page 220 - VOX ANGELICA," organ stop, so called because of its wavy undulating tone. Undecima. L. Eleventh. Undecimole. Group of eleven notes to be played in the time of eight of the same kind. Undersong. Chorus or burden of a song. Undertones. Term in ACOUSTICS for the low harmonics.
Page 69 - In a melody, figure is called sequence. In harmony, a figure relates to the rhythmical observance of a certain form in all the accompanying chords to the melody. Also a musical phrase, or a florid melody. Figured Bass, in music, a bass having the accompanying chords suggested by certain numbers above or below the notes.
Page 88 - Att instrument invented by Jaulin of Paris, consisting of a series of free reeds similar to those used in the harmonium, placed in a tube shaped like a clarinet. The compass is two octaves, with intermediate semitones. Harmonics. The sounds produced by a vibrating string or column of air, when it is subdivided into its aliquot parts.
Page 1883 - ... to keep it within reasonable limits. Those who have the wish or leisure may be glad to refer to the larger work when available, but to the general public it is hoped this Primer will be found of practical utility. The Editor's best thanks are due to Mr. Kenneth M. Ross for his valuable assistance.
Page 64 - The fifth of the authentic Gregorian modes. It consists of the natural notes La, Si, Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol.
Page 211 - Theorbo (Eng.) (the-Jr-bö.) } stringed instrument resembling the lute in form, or tone. It had two necks, to the longest of which the bass strings were attached. It was employed for accompanying voices, and was in great favor during the seventeenth century. Theory of music. The science of music. The speculations arising from a knowledge of the principles of sound. The rules for composition and arrangement of music for voices and instruments in rhythm, melody...

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