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abstract affirmed animal antecedent applied Archbishop Whately argument Aristotle ascer ascertained assertion attributes axioms believe body called carbonic acid cause character circumstances classification coexistence color common conceive conception conclusion connexion connotation consequent considered copula deductive definition degree denote Descartes distinction doctrine effect empirical laws equal error Ethology evidence example exist experience expression fact fallacy feelings genus grounded human idea ignoratio elenchi individual induction inference inquiry instance kind known language laws of causation logic logicians mankind manner matter meaning mental Method of Agreement Method of Difference mind mode motion object observation particular peculiar persons Petitio Principii phenomena phenomenon philosophers possess predicate premisses principles produced properties proposition proved question ratiocination reason relation resemblance respecting result scientific sensations sense signification Socrates species substances sufficient supposed supposition syllogism term theory things tion true truth uniformities universal universal proposition Whewell word
Page 230 - Subduct from any phenomenon such part as is known by previous inductions to be the effect of certain antecedents, and the residue of the phenomenon is the effect of the remaining antecedents.
Page 184 - Whatever be the most proper mode of expressing it, the proposition that the course of nature is uniform is the fundamental principle, or general axiom, of Induction. It would yet be a great error to offer this large generalisation as any explanation of the inductive process. On the contrary, I hold it to be itself an instance of induction, and induction by no means of the most obvious kind. Far from being the first induction we make, it is one of the last, or at all events one of those which...
Page 545 - The laws of the formation of character are, in short, derivative laws, resulting from the general laws of mind, and are to be obtained by deducing them from those general laws by supposing any given set of circumstances and then considering what, according to the laws of mind, will be the influence of those circumstances on the formation of character.
Page 91 - The simplest and most correct notion of a Definition is, a proposition declaratory of the meaning of a word...
Page 203 - It is conditional on the occurrence of other antecedents. That which will be followed by a given consequent when, and only when, some third circumstance also exists, is not the cause, even though no case should ever have occurred in which the phenomenon took place without it.
Page 342 - The uniformity in the succession of events, otherwise called the law of causation, must bo received not as a law of the universe, but of that portion of it only which is within the range of our means of sure observation, with a reasonable degree of extension to adjacent cases.
Page 461 - That gravity should be innate, inherent and essential to matter, so that one body may act upon another at a distance through a vacuum, without the mediation of anything else by and through which their action and force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity, that I believe no man who has in philosophical matters a competent faculty of thinking can ever fall into it.
Page 229 - If two or more instances in which the phenomenon occurs have only one circumstance in common, while two or more instances in which it does not occur have nothing in common save the absence of that circumstance, the circumstance in which alone the two sets of instances differ is the effect, or the cause, or an indispensable part of the cause, of the phenomenon.
Page 568 - These it takes, to a certain extent, into its calculations, because these do not merely, like our other desires, occasionally conflict with the pursuit of wealth, but accompany it always as a drag or impediment, and are therefore inseparably mixed up in the -consideration of it. Political Economy considers mankind as occupied solely in acquiring and consuming wealth...