A Grammar of Jahai
Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Jan 1, 2005 - Gayo language - 245 pages
This book is a linguistic study of Jahai, a language belonging to the Northern Aslian subgroup of the Aslian branch of the Mon-Khmer language family. The language is spoken by groups of foragers in the mountain rainforests of northern Peninsular Malaysia and southernmost Thailand, its total number of speakers estimated at around 1,000. This study describes the grammar of Jahai, including its phonology, processes of word formation, word classes, and syntax. It also includes a word-list. While primarily aimed at linguistic description, the study makes use of suitable theoretical models for the analysis of linguistic features. In particular, models of Prosodic and Template Morphology are employed to describe the language's intricate processes of affixation. Typological comparisons are made at times, especially with other Aslian languages. The study is intended to expand our knowledge of the understudied Aslian languages. It is also intended to contribute to Mon-Khmer and Southeast Asian language studies in general, and, hopefully, also to a wider linguistic context. Furthermore, it may serve as a practical source of linguistic information for researchers and others working among the Northern Aslian speech communities.
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1P.EXCL Add affix Aktionsart allomorphs Apply rules Aslian languages Benjamin bilabial blowpipe borrowed from Malay bound morphemes clause clitics coda copy contrastive correct surface form described Diffloth direct object disyllabic bases elic epenthesis epenthesis in order expressive elaboration final CVC string final syllable following examples illustrate free variation fricative glottal imperfective infixation inner affixation irrealis irrealis proclitic Jahai japgh Kensiw left edge lexeme linguistic Malay monosyllabic bases nasal counterpart nasalisation nominalisations Northern Aslian languages nouns oblique arguments onset outer affixation pattern penultimate syllable phonemic phonemic content phonemic information phonological phonotactic phrase position postverbal prefix prepositional proclitic prespecified affixation preverbal proclitic produce the correct pronouns realised reduplication referred represented rules of syllabification Schebesta segments semantic Semelai speakers structure subject particle syllabification syllabification and vowel syllable onset syntactic Temiar template trisyllabic typically underlying representation unitised verb root voiceless voiceless bilabial fricative vowel epenthesis vowel nucleus word-final words