Kanawha County, Volume 1

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Wheeling news litho. Company, 1914 - Geology - 679 pages
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Page 627 - Very litle of the type is for sale, but prices generally quoted range from $60 to $100 an acre. The following table gives the results of mechanical analyses of samples of the soil and subsoil of this type : Mechanical Analyses of Holston Silt Loam.
Page 409 - Survey. The calorific value of all coals is expressed in terms of British Thermal Units (BTU). This unit of heat measurement represents the amount of heat required to raise one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit in temperature.
Page vi - Stenographer LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL. To His Excellency, Hon. Henry D. Hatfield, Governor of West Virginia, and President of the West Virginia Geological Survey Commission: SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith the Detailed Report, and Soil, Topographic and Geologic Maps covering the County of Boone.
Page 296 - The tract, of which the 125 acres is a moiety, was taken up by General Andrew Lewis and myself, for and on account of a bituminous spring which it contains, of so inflammable a nature as to burn as freely as spirits, and is nearly as difficult to extinguish.
Page 591 - ... crystalline. The lower 12 feet is marked by white calcite streaks. The next ledge of 12 to 15 feet above is blue in color and is used with the next upper 10 feet of lightcolored stone. Under the red clay cover is a five-foot ledge of hard blue limestone not used for commercial lime. The limcsione at this quarry was analyzed in the Survey laboratory with the following results : Per cent. Lime carbonate...
Page 590 - Quarry. The face of the quarry runs N. 40 W. and is 75 feet long and is worked back 30 feet. Below the sandstone is a heavy shale formation reaching down to the road 20 or 30 feet. A section of the quarry shows: Feet. Shales 4 Buff, shaly sandstone 15 Blue and buff sandstone 6 Shales. "The joint planes run N. 60 to 70 W. and N. 40 W. A few curved joint planes were observed starting at an angle of N. 12 W. and changing to N. 30 W.
Page 297 - Purposes in the Kanawha Valley. From these facts as given by Dr. Hale, it will be perceived that the claim of priority for West Virginia in all of the essential elements of the petroleum industry of the United States, is fully sustained, for here were invented practically all of those tools and appliances without which the deep drilling of the present day would be impossible. This record also shows that the use of natural gas for manufacturing purposes was first begun within the United States by...
Page 297 - Lick, near Charleston, where, under the intelligent and successful attempts of the Ruffner Bros. (David and Joseph) to bore down through the rocks and ascertain the source of the famous salt spring, that modern drilling tools, jars, casing, and practically all of the oil well machinery in use at the present day were invented. These boring operations were begun by the Ruffner Brothers (David and Joseph) in 1806, and their efforts were crowned with success on the 15th day of January, 1808.
Page 598 - Bromine Plant. The bittern water from the tank is carried to the bromine plant where it is heated in a furnace tank and concentrated to 41 to 43 Baume. This tank holds 250 to 300 gallons of bittern, and the concentrated liquor is drawn from it into stone stills where it is mixed with sulphuric acid, and potassium chlorate poured in from the top. About 25 pounds of acid and 8 pounds potassium chlorate are used to 400 gallons of bittern which yield about 25 pounds of bromine. The still is made...
Page 298 - In these early salt borings on the Great Kanawha, considerable quantities of petroleum were often found in the sands of the Coal Measures (Pottsville series,) and much of it was utilized in oiling machinery and for torch lights, while many barrels of it were transported and sold to other regions.

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