Crisis of the Ottoman Empire: Prelude to Collapse 1839-1878
This work focuses upon the military problems of the Ottoman Empire in the era 1839 to 1878. The author examines the Crimean War (1853 to 1856) from the perspective of the Ottoman army, using British and French sources, as well as the few available Ottoman materials. Scholarship on the war has ignored this aspect, but the high quality of work about the British, French, and Russian involvement in the war has enabled the present study to advance its own work. The inability of the Ottoman high command to learn the lessons of the Crimean War led to serious defeats in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878. Revolts occurring in this period also receive attention. While the book analyzes the nature of war in the Balkans and Anatolia, its primary objective is the study of the war's social and psychological influences. This perspective runs as a theme throughout the book, but the author focuses on the psychological aspects in the final chapter using comparative perspectives. .
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19th century aggression Ahmed Albanian Anatolia Armenian artillery assault atrocities attack Baker Baker Pasha Balkan bands bashi bashi-bozuks battalions battle became bozuks brigade British Bulgaria c6mer camp campaign Captain Cherkes chief chieftain Circassians civilians Colonel cOmer Pasha command corruption Cretan Crimea Crimean Crimean War cultural death defeat defend Dobruja Duncan enemy Erzurum European existed Fife-Cookson fighting French Fromm garrison Greek infantry insurrection irregular cavalry irregular soldiers Islamic Istanbul killed Kurdish Kurds Lake Letters MacGahan Mahmud Celaleddin massacre Mehmed Millingen Montenegrin mountain Mukhtar Mukhtar Pasha Muslim Narrative operations Osman Ottoman army Ottoman Empire Ottoman irregular Ottoman military Ottoman officers Ottoman soldiers Ottoman troops paranoid Plevna plunder political psychological raids rebels redif reform regiment regular army revolt Russian army Russo-Turkish Russo-Turkish War sadistic Sandwith Shipka Siege of Kars Siileyman Pasha Silistria social society Suleyman sultan tactical Tanzimat Turkish Turkmen Turks vigilante village Walpole Williams Yusuf Zarif Mustafa Pasha