Past Participles from Latin to Romance
University of California Press, Nov 15, 1999 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 574 pages
From Latin through the Romance languages, which types of past participle survived? Which older, "irregular" types disappeared and which older, "regular" types proliferated? Which new types of past participles emerged, which proved popular in standard Romance languages, and which exist in a wide range of dialects? The author explores reasons for the expansion or contraction of each type, in each area.
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Other IndoEuropean Tongues
Reshaping of Verb Paradigms
Latin Past Participles
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1st-conj 2nd-conj 3rd-conj 4th-conj acquired adjectival adjectives already analogy appear arrhizotonic attested become built by-form Catalan century changes CL p.p. comes common competing conjugation consonant continue contrast Dacia derive developed dialects distinction ending evidence Examples final finite followed forms French give given gone idem infectum infin infinitives inherited innovation irregular Italian Italy lacked languages Late Latin later leveling lived look marking masc meaning morphological moved nasal notes noun Occitan occurred pair past participles percent perfect perfectum perhaps Portuguese prefixed present pret preterits rare reflexes regular remade remains replaced resemble reshaping rhizotonic rhizotonic thematic Romance Romance languages Romanian root seen semantic sense sigmatic Spanish speakers spread standard stem stressed suffix survived syncopated Table taken tautic athematic tended tonic turned variant verbs vowel written