The Soviets at Work: The International Position of the Russian Soviet Republic and the Fundamental Problems of the Socialist Revolution

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Rand School of Social Science, 1919 - Communism - 48 pages
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Page 27 - The resolution of the last (Moscow) congress of the Soviets advocates, as the most important problem at present, the creation of " efficient organization" and higher discipline. Such resolutions are now readily supported by everybody. But that their realization requires compulsion, and compulsion in the form of a dictatorship, is ordinarily not comprehended. And yet it would be the greatest stupidity and the most absurd opportunism to suppose that the transition from capitalism to socialism is possible...
Page 23 - Russian is a poor worker in comparison with the workers of the advanced nations, and this could not be otherwise under the regime of the Czar and other remnants of feudalism. To learn how to work — this problem the Soviet authority should present to the people in all its comprehensiveness. The last word of capitalism in this respect, the Taylor system, — as well as all progressive measures of capitalism...
Page 36 - Our gains, our decrees, our laws, our plans, must be secured by the solid forms of everyday labor discipline. This is the most difficult, but also the most promising, problem, for only its solution will give us socialism. We must learn to combine the stormy, energetic breaking of all restraint on the part of the toiling masses with iron discipline during work, with absolute submission to the will of one person, the Soviet director, during work.
Page 31 - There is a lack of appreciation of the simple and obvious fact that, if the chief misfortunes of Russia are famine and unemployment, these misfortunes cannot be overcome by any outbursts of enthusiasm, but only by thorough and universal organization and discipline, in order to increase the production of bread for men and fuel for industry, to transport it in time, and to distribute it in the right way.
Page 37 - The socialist character of the Soviet democracy — that is, of proletarian democracy in its concrete particular application — consists first in this: that the electorate comprises the toiling and exploited masses ; that the bourgeoisie is excluded. Secondly, in this : that all bureaucratic formalities and limitations of elections are done away with ; that the masses themselves determine the order and the time of elections and with complete freedom of recall of elected officials.
Page 34 - This is doubly true of the railways. And just this transition from one political problem to another, which in appearance has no resemblance to the first, constitutes the peculiarity of the present period. The Revolution has just broken the oldest, the strongest, and the heaviest chains to which the masses were compelled to submit. So it was yesterday. And to-day, the same Revolution (and indeed in the interest of Socialism) demands the absolute submission of the masses to the single will of those...
Page 22 - ... lumber, water power, and raw material for the chemical industry [karabugaz] ; and so on. The exploitation of these natural resources by the latest technical methods will furnish a basis for an unprecedented development of production. Higher productivity of labor depends, first, on the improvement of the educational and cultural state of the masses of the population. This improvement is now taking place with unusual swiftness, but is not perceived by those who are blinded by the bourgeois routine...
Page 14 - ... be considered excessive or unbearable for the Soviet Republic? Of course not. The vast majority of the enlightened workers and peasants will approve such an expenditure, knowing from practical life that our backwardness compels us to lose billions, and that we have not yet attained such a high degree of organization, accounting and control which would cause the universal and voluntary participation of these "stars" of the bourgeois intelligentzia9 in our work.

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