Culture and Language Development: Language Acquisition and Language Socialization in a Samoan Village
As children are learning to become competent members of their society, so also are they learning to become competent speakers of their language. In other words socialisation and language acquisition take place at the same time in a child's experience. In this book, Elinor Ochs explores the complex interaction of these two processes. Focusing in particular on the experiences of children in Samoa, Ochs examines both the cognitive and socio-cultural dimensions of children's language development. She shows that language competence includes not only knowledge of grammatical principles and sentence construction but also knowledge of the norms that link language to social and cognitive context; and that local social and cultural systems as well as children's individual psychological and biological capacities, organise their understanding and production of particular language constructions. This innovative study will appeal widely to anthropologists, developmental psychologists, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, communication specialists and educationists interested in child development and caregiver-child communication.
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variation and acquisition
the twoconstituent bias
Affect social control and the Samoan child
acquire activities adult affect agent ali'i bad speech behavior canonical transitives Chapter child clarification classroom clauses clitic cognitive communicative competence constituents constructions contexts Corpus cultural discourse discussion display Duranti ergative case marking ergative languages example expected explicit guessing expressed Falefaa focus formal glottal stop grammatical household indicate infants interactions intransitive Kaluli language acquisition language development language socialization lelei lexical linguistic linguistic forms linguistic structures maaloo major marker matai meaning mother Niulala nominative-accusative languages notion noun older organization participants particle particular pastor patterns perspective Pesio preference pronoun relations role Samoan caregivers Samoan children Samoan language Samoan society Sapir-Whorf hypothesis semantic settings sibling situations sociocultural knowledge sociolinguistic speaker speech act strategies sympathy tacit knowledge task theory three-constituent tion titled persons transitive verbs understanding untitled utterances verb verbal village Western Western Samoa women word order word-order young children