The Fruits and Fruit Trees of America: Or, The Culture, Propagation, and Management, in the Garden and Orchard, of Fruit Trees Generally; with Descriptions of All the Finest Varieties of Fruit, Native and Foreign, Cultivated in this Country

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John Wiley, 1855 - Fruit - 594 pages

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Page 25 - The disposition in young trees to produce and nourish blossom-buds and fruit is increased by this apparent obstruction of the descending sap ; and the fruit of such young trees ripens, I think, somewhat earlier than upon other young trees of the same age which grow upon stocks...
Page v - He who owns a rood of proper land in this country, and, in the face of all the pomonal riches of the day, only raises crabs and choke-pears, deserves to lose the respect of all sensible men.
Page xii - DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNT OF A NEW METHOD of PLANTING and MANAGING the ROOTS of GRAPE VINES. By CLEMENT HOARE, Author of " A Treatise on the Cultivation of the Grape Vine on Open Walls.
Page 207 - Kennicott's fig," which he tied to the fruit. An Oxonian wag, who had observed the transaction, watched the fruit daily, and when ripe, gathered it, and exchanged the label for one thus worded: "A fig for Dr. Kennicott.
Page 468 - America," referring to peaches, says: And it is well worth remarking that certain fine old sorts, the ends of the branches of which have a peculiar mildewed appearance, which seems to check the growth without impairing the health, are rarely if ever attacked by the yellows. Slow growing and moderately productive sorts are almost entirely exempt. Again, on the same subject, he states that— The most luxuriant and healthy growing varieties appear most liable to it.
Page 163 - ... in France, when the grapes are ripe, are protected by sprinkling a plant here and there with a mixture of lime and water, which marks the leaves with conspicuous white blotches. Every one who has travelled on the Continent, in the fruit season, must have observed the respect that is paid to these appropriating marks ; and there is something highly gratifying in this, and in the humane feeling displayed by the princes of the different countries, in causing the trees to be planted. It would indeed...
Page 466 - Jersey, where, in 1814, it was so prevalent as to destroy a considerable portion of all the orchards. About three or four years later it appeared on the banks of the Hudson, or from 1812 to 1815, gradually and slowly extending northward and westward to the remainder of the State. -Its progress to Connecticut was taking place at the same time, a few trees here and there showing the disease until it became well-known (though not generally prevalent) throughout most of the warm parts of New England.
Page 52 - They are found upon almost all parts of plants, the roots, stems, young shoots, buds, and leaves, and there is scarcely a plant which does not harbor one or two kinds peculiar to itself. They are, moreover, exceedingly prolific, for Reaumur has proved that one individual, in five generations, may become the progenitor of nearly six thousand millions of descendants.
Page 137 - Fruit, large, roundish ovate, narrowing rapidly to the eye ; skin, very smooth, nearly covered with red in the sun, pale yellowish green in the shade, with broken stripes of pale red. The red is sprinkled with well-marked yellowish gray dots, and covered when first gathered, with a thin white bloom. There is, also, generally, a faint marbling of cloudy white over the red, on the shady side of the fruit, and rays of the same around the stalk. Calyx quite small, set in a narrow, shallow plaited basin...
Page 156 - Fruit large, roundish, about two inches and a quarter in diameter each way, on a standard tree ; ratber larger on one side of the suture than the other. Skin orange in the shade, but deep orange or brownish red in the sun, marked with numerous dark specks and dots. Flesh quite firm, bright orange, parting free from the stone, quite juicy, with a rich and luscious flavor. Stone peculiarly perforated along the back, where a pin may be pushed through nearly from one end to the other.

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