Defying Dixie: The Radical Roots of Civil Rights, 1919-1950
The civil rights movement that loomed over the 1950s and 1960s was the tip of an iceberg, the legal and political remnant of a broad, raucous, deeply American movement for social justice that flourished from the 1920s through the 1940s. This contentious mix of home-grown radicals, labor activists, newspaper editors, black workers, and intellectuals employed every strategy imaginable to take Dixie down, from a ludicrous attempt to organize black workers with a stage production of Pushkin—in Russian—to the courageous fight of striking workers against police and corporate violence in Gastonia in 1929. In a dramatic narrative Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore deftly shows how the movement unfolded against national and global developments, gaining focus and finally arriving at a narrow but effective legal strategy for securing desegregation and political rights. Little-known heroes abound in a book that will recast our understanding of the most important social movement in twentieth-century America.
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Sunset in Dixie
Jim Crow Meets Karl Marx
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African Americans Alexander Angelo Herndon ANLC argued Atlanta Beal black and white Black Bolshevik Black Shirts black Southerners Bois C. H. Martin Chapel Hill civil rights color Comintern Committee Communism Communist Communist Party Comrade Conference Court CPUSA Cry Was Unity Davis defense democracy desegregation Dixie equality Fascism fight Gastonia graduate Graham Harlem Haywood Hitler Howard Interracial Cooperation James Jews Jim Crow Johnson July June labor Langston Hughes liberal Lovett Fort-Whiteman lynching March Max Yergan mill Moscow Murray's NAACP National Negro Congress Nazi North Carolina Odum organizer Paul Green Pauli Murray political poll tax quoted race racial radical Randolph RGASPI Roosevelt Russia Salmond Scottsboro segregation Sept social Socialist southern white Soviet Stalin strike tion told Union United W. E. B. Du Bois Waller white Southerners white supremacy women workers World wrote York