Universals, Concepts and Qualities: New Essays on the Meaning of Predicates
P. F. Strawson, Arindam Chakrabarti
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2006 - Philosophy - 324 pages
Are there universal properties grounding our sense of resemblance or qualitative identity among a number of distinct things or events which appear to form a class, a type or a kind of some other sort? Do universals such as humanness, triangularity, or being an Oak exist? Is being a laptop computer a universal, which has only recently come into existence? Do predicate expressions, adjectives or abstract nouns refer to objective properties or cognitive contents called concepts? The problem of universals has been at the centre of ancient, medieval, Western, and Indian metaphysics. After the logico-linguistic turn in philosophy, this problem re-surfaced in the discourse on the meaning of predicate expressions on the one hand and in the theories of concepts on the other.
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abstract according actually answer appear applies argued argument Aristotle atomic believe Buddhist called causal chapter characterizing claim clear commitment common complex concept horse conclusion consider contains contrast corresponding courageous course criterion definition designated discussion distinction entities example existence explain expressions fact Frege function give given gold human idea identity individual instances instantiation introduced involves kind language least linguistic logical matter meaning metaphysics mind nature necessary Nominalist notion objects particular perception philosophers Plato position possible predicate present principle problem properties propositions qualities quantification question Ramsey reason recognize reference regard relation requires respect role seems semantic sense sentence shared similar simple singular term Socrates sort sortal universal stand statement Strawson suggests symbols theory things thought trivializing true truth understanding universals variables wisdom wise