A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen
This revisionist study reevaluates the origins and foundation myths of the Faqaris and Qasimis, two rival factions that divided Egyptian society during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, when Egypt was the largest province in the Ottoman Empire. In answer to the enduring mystery surrounding the factions’ origins, Jane Hathaway places their emergence within the generalized crisis that the Ottoman Empire—like much of the rest of the world—suffered during the early modern period, while uncovering a symbiosis between Ottoman Egypt and Yemen that was critical to their formation. In addition, she scrutinizes the factions’ foundation myths, deconstructing their tropes and symbols to reveal their connections to much older popular narratives. Drawing on parallels from a wide array of cultures, she demonstrates with striking originality how rituals such as storytelling and public processions, as well as identifying colors and emblems, could serve to reinforce factional identity.
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Bir Varmis Bir Yokmus Folklore and Binary Oppositions in the Factional Origin Myths
Sad and Haram The Factions Bedouin Equivalents
The Yemeni Connection to Egypts Factions
Red and White The Colors of the Factions Banners
The Knob and the DiskThe Factions Standards
Selim and Sudun in the Origin Myths
The Mulberry Tree in the Origin Myths
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Abu'l-Shawarib Agha Ahmed Celebi Akhbar Al-Barq al-Damurdashi Al-Durra al-musana al-Husayn al-Jabarti Al-Nahrawali Anatolia Arabic Awdah banners Banu Barquq Baybars bedouin Bektashi Bey's bilateral factionalism blocs Byzantine cAbbasid cAbd Cairo calem caliph Cambridge chapter Circassian color culture Damurdashi chronicles Defteri Dhu'l-Faqar Bey eighteenth century epic Evliya Celebi Faqari and Qasimi furusiyya genealogy Ghassanid Ghayat grandees Haci cAli Haram Hasan Hathaway Haydar Hilal History Husayn Ibid idem Iran Islamic Ismail Ismaili Istanbul Janissaries Jirja Kisa Kulayb Mamluk sultanate Mecca military Muhammad mulberry tree Muslim origin myth Ottoman conquest Ottoman Egypt Ottoman Empire Ottoman Rule P. M. Holt Pasha pilgrimage commander Politics of Households Prophet provinces Qansuh Qasim Bey Qasimi factions Qaysi Qaytas Qazdagh Quraysh recruits Ridvan Bey rivalry Sacd Sacd and Haram Safavid Selim seventeenth century Seyahatname Shahname Shicite stories Sudun Sufi sword tions tradition trans tribes Tubbaci Turkish Umayyad University Press Yahya Yazidi Zaydi Zaydi imam Zygulski