Principles of Biomedical Ethics
Tom L. Beauchamp, James F. Childress, University Professor and Hollingsworth Professor of Ethics James F Childress
Oxford University Press, 2001 - Medical - 454 pages
This edition represents a thorough-going revision of what has become a classic text in biomedical ethics. Major structural changes mark the revision. The authors have added a new concluding chapter on methods that, along with its companion chapter on moral theory, emphasizes convergence across theories, coherence in moral justification, and the common morality. They have simplified the opening chapter on moral norms which introduces the framework of prima facie moral principles and ways to specify and balance them. Together with the shift of advanced material on theory to the back of the book, this heavily revised introductory chapter will make it easier for the wide range of students entering bioethics courses to use this text. Another important change is the increased emphasis on character and moral agency, drawing the distinction between agents and actions. The sections on truth telling, disclosure of bad news, privacy, conflicts of interest, and research on human subjects have also been throughly reworked. The four core chapters on principles (respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice) and the chapter on professional-patient relationships retain their familiar structure, but the authors have completely updated their content to reflect developments in philosophical analysis as well as in research, medicine, and health care. Throughout, they have used a number of actual cases to illuminate and to test their theory, method, and framework of principles.
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accept actions allocation American Medical Association analysis argue argument beneﬁts Bioethics biomedical ethics breast implants cancer casuistry Chapter clinical common morality communitarian competent concems conﬁdentiality conﬂicts court criticism death decision-making decisions deﬁnition difﬁcult disclosure disease donation effect England Journal ethical theory ethics of care example ﬁdelity ﬁnd ﬁrst genetic goals harm health care health care professionals hospital ical incompetent individuals inﬂuence informed consent institutional interests intervention involves Journal of Medicine judgments justice justiﬁed kidney killing Medical Ethics ment nonmaleﬁcence norms nursing obligation obligatory one’s Oxford patemalism patemalistic patient’s patients persons Philosophy physician practice principles priority problems procedures protect reason reﬂection refuse relevant requires respect for autonomy risk role rules scientiﬁc signiﬁcant social society speciﬁc standard subjects sufﬁcient suicide surrogate theory of justice tients tion transplant treatment University Press utilitarian values virtues W. D. Ross