Principles of Biomedical Ethics
This edition represents a thorough-going revision of what has become a classic text in biomedical ethics. Major structural changes mark the revision. The authors have added a new concluding chapter on methods that, along with its companion chapter on moral theory, emphasizes convergence across theories, coherence in moral justification, and the common morality. They have simplified the opening chapter on moral norms which introduces the framework of prima facie moral principles and ways to specify and balance them. Together with the shift of advanced material on theory to the back of the book, this heavily revised introductory chapter will make it easier for the wide range of students entering bioethics courses to use this text. Another important change is the increased emphasis on character and moral agency, drawing the distinction between agents and actions. The sections on truth telling, disclosure of bad news, privacy, conflicts of interest, and research on human subjects have also been throughly reworked. The four core chapters on principles (respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice) and the chapter on professional-patient relationships retain their familiar structure, but the authors have completely updated their content to reflect developments in philosophical analysis as well as in research, medicine, and health care. Throughout, they have used a number of actual cases to illuminate and to test their theory, method, and framework of principles.
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accept actions allocation American Medical Association analysis argue argument believe benefits Bioethics biomedical ethics breast implants cancer casuistry Chapter clinical common morality communitarian competent confidentiality conflicts context costs court criteria criticism death decision-making decisions determine disclosure disease donation effect England Journal ethical theory ethics of care example genetic Gert goals harm health care health care professionals hospital human ical incompetent individuals informed consent institutional interests intervention involves Joel Feinberg Journal of Medicine judgments justice justified kidney killing Medical Ethics ment moral theory nonmaleficence norms nursing obligation obligatory Organ Transplantation particular paternalism paternalistic patients persons perspective physician practice priority problems procedures protect rational reason refuse relevant requires respect for autonomy responsibility risk role social society specific standard subjects suicide surrogate theory of justice tients tion transplant utilitarian utility virtues W. D. Ross