Aché Life History: The Ecology and Demography of a Foraging People

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Transaction Publishers - Social Science - 561 pages
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"...a magnificent achievement, and a landmark in at least three distinct fields: anthropological demography, human evolutionary ecology, and hunter-gatherer studies...." -- Evolutionary Anthropology

The Ache, whose life history the authors recounts, are a small indigenous population of hunters and gatherers living in the neotropical rainforest of eastern Paraguay. This is part exemplary ethnography of the Ache and in larger part uses this population to make a signal contribution to human evolutionary ecology.

 

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Contents

MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE
224
OLD AGE
233
SUMMARY
235
Female Fertility PREGNANCY AND BIRTH
247
FERTILITY DURING THE FOREST PERIOD
250
COMPARISON WITH THE KUNG AND YANOMAMO
252
FERTILITY DURING THE RESERVATION PERIOD
254
SUMMARY
255

AREA OVERVIEW
40
PREHISTORY OF EASTERN PARAGUAY
41
ETHNOHISTORY
42
CURRENT SITUATION
54
MODERN ECOLOGICAL STUDIES
55
BIOLOGICAL AND GENETIC AFFINITY
56
ECOLOGY OF EASTERN PARAGUAY
58
FOREST LIFE
63
RESERVATION LIFE
71
SUMMARY
76
Study Population and Sampling Methods
81
STUDY POPULATION
82
THE SAMPLE AND METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION
83
RELIABILITY OF INTERVIEW DATA
92
SAMPLE BIAS
94
SUMMARY
98
Age and Sex Structure of the Study Population
109
DIFFICULTIES ESTIMATING AGES FOR THE ACHE
110
HOWELLS METHOD FOR ESTIMATING KUNG AGES
112
SOME PROBLEMS USING STABLE POPULATION MODELS
113
DERIVING AGE ESTIMATES FOR THE ACHE
117
AGESEX STRUCTURE OF THE NORTHERN ACHE
130
SUMMARY
132
Causes of Mortality
149
MORTAL DANGERS IN THE FOREST AND ON THE RESERVATION
150
CUSTOMS CONCERNING SICKNESS AND DEATH
153
ANALYTICAL METHODS AND CHOICE OF SAMPLE
155
CAUSES OF MORTALITY DURING THE FOREST PERIOD
156
COMPARISON WITH THE KUNG AND YANOMAMO
163
CAUSES OF DEATH DURING THE CONTACT PERIOD
164
CAUSES OF DEATH DURING THE RESERVATION PERIOD
165
SUMMARY
166
Rates of Mortality THE LIFE TABLEMORTALITY HAZARD APPROACH
177
MORTALITY PARAMETERS OF THE FORESTLIVING ACHE
181
COMPARISON WITH THE KUNG AND YANOMAMO
185
THE CONTACT PERIOD
186
THE RESERVATION PERIOD
188
SUMMARY
190
Development Marriage and Other Life Course Events CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT
217
ADOLESCENCE
221
Male Fertility PATERNITY
271
FATHERHOOD
273
FERTILITY DURING THE FOREST PERIOD
275
COMPARISON WITH THE KUNG AND YANOMAMO
277
FERTILITY DURING THE RESERVATION PERIOD
278
SUMMARY
279
Resource Availability Intrinsic Variation and Life Cycle Constraints
291
MEASURES OF INDEPENDENT VARIABLES IN LIFE HISTORY MODELS
292
INFANT AND CHILDHOOD MORTALITY
293
ADULT MORTALITY
302
VARIATION IN FEMALE FERTILITY RATE
303
VARIATION IN MALE FERTILITY RATE
314
SUMMARY
315
Body Size and the Timing of Sexual Maturity
339
ALLOMETRY DETERMINATE GROWTH AND ACHE GROWTH PATTERNS
340
OPTIMAL AGE AT FIRST REPRODUCTION
343
SUMMARY
354
Life History Tradeoffs and Phenotypic Correlations
373
THE COST OF REPRODUCTION
375
OFFSPRING NUMBER AND OFFSPRING FITNESS
378
COMPONENTS OF REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS AND INTERGENERATIONAL CORRELATIONS
383
MEN AND WOMEN WITH HIGH REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS
387
SUMMARY
389
Kin Effects on Life History
417
KIN EFFECTS ON MORTALITY
418
KIN EFFECTS ON FERTILITY
424
REPRODUCTIVE SENESCENCE
425
INFANTICIDE AND CHILD HOMICIDE
432
PATTERNS IN FEMALE MATING AND FEMALE MATE CHOICE
440
SUMMARY
443
Conclusions LIFE HISTORY OF THE ACHE AND OTHER MODERN FORAGERS
465
HUMANS AS APES
467
HUMANS AS HOMINIDS
469
APPLIED ANTHROPOLOGICAL DEMOGRAPHY
474
Implications of Stable Age Models for Deriving Kung Ages
483
Block Rankings of Relative Age
489
Five Genealogies with Multiple Generations
499
References
527
Index
551
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Page 530 - Bellows, RA and RE Short. 1978. Effects of precalving feed level on birth weight, calving difficulty and subsequent fertility. J. Anim. Sci. 46:1522.

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