The Limits of Nationalism
This book discusses the justifications and limits of cultural nationalism from a liberal perspective. Chaim Gans presents a normative typology of nationalist ideologies, distinguishing between cultural liberal nationalism and statist liberal nationalism. Statist nationalisms argue that states have an interest in the cultural homogeneity of their citizenries. Cultural nationalisms argue that people have interests in adhering to their cultures (the adherence thesis) and in sustaining these cultures for generations (the historic thesis). Gans argues that freedom- and identity-based justifications for cultural nationalism common in literature can only support the adherence thesis, while the historical thesis could only be justified by the interest people have in the long-term endurance of their personal and group endeavors. The Limits of Nationalism examines demands often made in the name of cultural nationalism, such as claims for national self-determination, historical rights claims to territories and demands entailedby cultural particularism as opposed to cultural cosmopolitanism.
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According adherence thesis argue basis belong Brian Barry Chapter civic nationalism claim common descent conception of self-determination constitute corrective justice cosmopolitan cultural identity cultural nationalism David Miller diaspora discussion distinction distributive justice endeavours example existence fact formative territories framework freedom freedom-based interest granted historical rights historical thesis homeland human Ibid identity-based implementation independent statehood individuals injustice inter-statist conception interest in adhering interest in culture interpretation Israel Jeremy Waldron Jewish Joseph Raz justify Kymlicka Law of Return liberal version mainly majority means members of national Miller moral Multicultural nation-states national groups national identity national self-determination nationalist nationality-based priorities normative obligations occupancy original culture Palestinian particular particularist people's interest political polyethnic rights population potential immigrants preservation principle priorities in immigration protection question realization reasons regard right to national right to self-determination self-government rights serve share statist conception statist nationalism sub-statist conception Tamir territorial sovereignty tional version of cultural Waldron