Constructing the Navajo Capital: Landscape, Power, and Representation at Window Rock
This dissertation considers the physical and spatial ordering of buildings and people---the landscape---to follow political and social agendas. In this study, I demonstrate how Window Rock, a multi-million-dollar project of the Public Works Administration (PWA), was used as the centerpiece for OIA Commissioner John Collier's "Indian New Deal," focusing on the ways in which architectural styles, spatial relationships throughout the site, and construction technologies were used to establish cultural hierarchies and reinforce discrimination against Navajos in their own homeland, despite other attempts by that administration to promote cultural pluralism. I contend that the design of Window Rock did not reflect the values or concerns of most Dine at the time, but instead represented the "Indianness" of the users as imagined by the OIA and its architects working in New York City. Through analysis of these buildings' placement throughout the site and the "traditional" or "indigenous" iconography within them, I reveal how the built environment of Window Rock was intended to obscure the power struggle between Collier's OIA, the newly-formed Navajo Tribal Council, and Dine living throughout the reservation, as well as the manner in which many Dine resisted spatial control.
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Fantasy and Federal Indian Policy Contextualizing Window Rock
Committees Surveillance and Resistance Planning Window Rock 7 9
AUTHORS BIOGRAPHY 453
Indigenous by Design Constructing Window Rock
Hogans and Houses Inhabiting Window Rock
Murals Models and Modemity Representing Window Rock
Playhouse Palace and People Refashioning Window Rock
Administration Building adobe agency town Albuquerque American Indian Anglo anthropologist architect architecture Arizona Arts and Crafts Author’s interview Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue building’s built Bureau of Indian Central Agency ceremonial colonial Commissioner construction culture D.C. Figure Deﬁance Dine Diné Bikéyah diorama display Dorothy Dunn editor federal ﬁgures ﬁle ﬁrst ﬂoor Gallup Independent Gerald Nailor Goodhue Goodhue’s Gose hogan Ibid Ickes Indian Affairs Indian Arts Indian Service indigenous Interior Building Interior Museum John Collier John Collier Papers landscape living Mary Ellen Bentley Mayers Mexico microﬁlm modern Morgan murals Murray & Phillip National Archives Native American Navajo agency Navajo capital Navajo lands Navajo Nation Navajo reservation Navajo Tribal Council Nebraska State Capitol ofﬁce ofﬁcial OIA employees OIA’s painting People’s Photograph programs Pueblo Revival Pueblo Revival style Record Group Sandpainting Shiprock signiﬁcant Southwest space Spanish Taos trading post traditional Tribal Council House tribe University Press Washington Window Rock York