The Story of Vermont: A Natural and Cultural History

Front Cover
"Landscape history or natural history without humans is incomplete history," write authors Christopher McGrory Klyza and Stephen C. Trombulak. In their very readable portrayal of geological, biological, and cultural forces that produced the Vermont of today, they use interconnectedness as a lens to view the changing landscape. Sections such as "From Forestland to Farmland to Funland" describe reciprocal influences of ecosystems, humans, and topography over time. Sections on specific bioregions explain unique interactions of climate and the living world. Whether writing about the emergence of mountain ranges millennia ago, building interstate highways, encounters of indigenous cultures with Europeans, or Act 250's environmental impact, they make it clear that this is not a typical nature guide.

They describe the pre-human evolution of the area and its development into distinct biophysical regions, and then show how pre-Columbian inhabitants engaged and altered the landscape. They trace both the enormous effects of European settlement, as well as how the ecosystem influenced human habitation and activity. Finally, they examine Vermont's three natural communities: forest, open terrestrial, and aquatic. Throughout, they impart much specific knowledge about Vermont, speculate on its future, and foster an appreciation of the complex synergy of forces that produced this region.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Early Evolution of Vermonts Landscape
7
The First Colonists
19
European Settlement and the Founding of Vermont
45
The Vermont Landscape
63
Cutting the Forests Changing the Landscape
82
The Vermont Landscape from the
87
Farming Declines Forests Begin to Recover The Rise of Conservation
110
Forest Communities I49
149
NaturalCommunity Types ColdClimate Forests Northern Hardwood
174
Shoreline Communities UplandMeadow Communities Cliff
180
Wetland and Aquatic Communities
195
Io The Futures of Vermont
219
Sources for Illustrations and Tables
225
Index
235
Copyright

Tourism and the Vermont Land
124

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About the author (1999)

CHRISTOPHER McGRORY KLYZA is Associate Professor of Political Science and Environmental Studies at Middlebury College and author of Who Controls Public Lands? (1996). STEPHEN C. TROMBULAK is Professor of Biology and Environmental Studies at Middlebury. They are coeditors of The Future of the Northern Forest (1994).

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