Refrigeration: A History

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McFarland, Aug 7, 2015 - History - 280 pages
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For thousands of years, humans coped with heat by harvesting and storing natural ice and devising natural cooling systems that utilized ventilation and evaporation. By the mid 1800s, people began developing huge refrigeration machines to manufacture ice. By the early 1900s, engineers developed electric domestic refrigerators, which by 1927 were affordable convenient household appliances. By then, an increasingly sophisticated public demanded more modern-looking appliances than engineers could produce, and a new breed of designers entered the manufacturing world to provide them. During the Depression, modern designs not only increased sales but resulted in the kitchen appliances we now use. Today refrigeration preserves perishable food for worldwide distribution, makes tropical climates habitable for millions, saves lives with medical applications and enables space flight.
 

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Contents

Preface
1
Introduction
3
1 Natural Cooling and Ice
5
2 Mechanically Manufactured Ice
29
3 Electricity and Invention
57
4 Early Electric Refrigerators
80
5 Gas Refrigeration and Air Conditioners
102
6 The Rise of Fashion and the Depression
129
7 The Design Decade
153
8 Postwar Refrigeration
182
9 Regulations and Climate Change
210
Snow and Ice Redux
229
Chapter Notes
243
Bibliography
250
Index
253
Copyright

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About the author (2015)

Carroll Gantz is a professional industrial designer who holds several dozen patents. A long-time Black & Decker design director, and a Carnegie Mellon University professor, he is a past president of the Industrial Designers Society of America (IDSA). He lives on Seabrook Island in South Carolina.

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