Aristotle's Politics is a key document in Western political thought. In these first two books Aristotle shows his complete mastery of political theory and practice, and raises many crucial issues still with us today. In Book I he argues vigorously for a political theory based on 'nature'. By nature, man is a 'political animal', one naturally fitted for life in a polis or state. Some people, however, are natural slaves; and women are by nature subordinate to men. Acquisition and exchange are natural, but not trading for profit. In Book II he launches a sharp attack on Plato's two 'utopias', the Republic and the Laws, and also criticizes three historical states reputed to be well governed: Sparta, Crete, and Carthage. This volume contains a close translation of these two books, together with a philosophical commentary. It is well suited to the requirements of readers who do not know Greek.
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action actors Aeschylus Aristode's Aristotle's view art of poetry astonishment Astydamas Athenian audience bad fortune best kind change of fortune chapter 13 chapter 9 character chorus comedy comic complex plots composed Cresphontes critics Cypria diction discussion effect emotions Empedocles end of chapter epic poetry episodes error Euripides example fear and pity Greek hamartia happened history of poetry Homer human iambic identity Iliad imitation inference Introduction Iphigeneia Iphigeneia in Tauris irrationality katharsis killed kind of thing kind of tragic Lynceus lyric poetry Medea Melanippe Menelaus metaphor moral narrative necessary or probable necessity or probability Nicomachean Ethics non-standard words noun object Odysseus Oedipus Orestes performance person pity and fear Plato play plot-structure poem poet Poetics Polygnotus possible probable connection reason reference resolution reversal and recognition Rhetoric rhythm sense sequence someone Sophocles spectacle speech story structure tekhne Theodectes Thyestes tion tragedy aims tragic plot unified verse verse-form write to Penguin