Aristotle's Politics is a key document in Western political thought. In these first two books Aristotle shows his complete mastery of political theory and practice, and raises many crucial issues still with us today. In Book I he argues vigorously for a political theory based on 'nature'. By nature, man is a 'political animal', one naturally fitted for life in a polis or state. Some people, however, are natural slaves; and women are by nature subordinate to men. Acquisition and exchange are natural, but not trading for profit. In Book II he launches a sharp attack on Plato's two 'utopias', the Republic and the Laws, and also criticizes three historical states reputed to be well governed: Sparta, Crete, and Carthage. This volume contains a close translation of these two books, together with a philosophical commentary. It is well suited to the requirements of readers who do not know Greek.
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actors Aeschylus Aristode's Aristotle's view art of poetry astonishment audience bad fortune best kind change of fortune chapter 13 chapter 9 character characteristic pleasure chorus comedy comic complex plots composed Cresphontes critics diction discussion effect Empedocles end of chapter epic poetry episodes error Euripides example fear and pity Greek hamartia happened history of poetry Homer human iambic Iliad imitation Iphigeneia Iphigeneia in Tauris irrationality katharsis killed kind of thing kind of tragic Lynceus lyric poetry magnitude means Medea Melanippe melody Menelaus metaphor moral narrative natural necessary or probable necessity or probability Nicomachean Ethics non-standard words noun object Odysseus Oedipus Orestes Penguin Books performance person pity and fear Plato play plot-structure poem poet Poetics Polygnotus possible probable connection reason reference resolution reversal and recognition rhythm sense sequence someone Sophocles spectacle speech story structure tekhne Theodectes tion tragedy tragedy aims tragic plot understanding unified verse verse-form write to Penguin